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All questions and answers for pre- and post-hair transplantation.
Hair Transplant Surgery
Hair Transplant Surgery is a gold standard for treatment of
Male Pattern Baldness and Female Androgentic Alopecia. In addition to scalp hair restoration, hair transplants is widely used for restoring the eyebrows, facial hair – beard and moustache, and hair lost due to trauma or other forms of alopecia.
Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure. In this procedure,
the surgeon takes hair from the back of the scalp and transplants them in the bald area.
Starting from old punch graft technique, hair transplant has evolved to advanced techniques
like Bio-FUE™ and Robotic Surgery. This is the reason that more and more number of people
are today opting for this surgery worldwide.
According to ‘The Hair Society’, 35 million men and 21 million women suffer from the hair loss. But this procedure is more popular among the men; as per ISHRS’s 2017 census, 85.7% of procedures were performed on men, while 14.3% were performed on women. India today is seeing increased medical tourism because of quality procedure at an affordable cost. Along with India, hair transplant has also become very popular in Turkey.
How is each hair transplant step different at AK Clinics?
The general principle of the procedure is based on the fact that the hair that originates in the permanent area or Safe donor area’ are not affected by the DHT. Since, the genetic vulnerability to the DHT residues in the hair follicle, the implanted hair will be resistant to the effect of DHT and will continue to grow. At AK Clinics, we have improvised each and every steps of the hair transplant to give results in most patients. Though this is a medical procedure and has its limitations but still it is really rewarding at AK Clinics. Following is how we have developed our own technique Bio-FUE™ and improvised the conventional technique.
Planning & Hairline Design
Surgical Hair Restoration is both art and science.
The intention is to use minimum grafts to give natural look keeping in mind that the patient
should age gracefully. Before surgery, our surgeon discusses and does the necessary planning to
create the hairline design with AK Clinics’ methodology. The plan is always realistic and closest
to patient’s need or expectation.
Donor Area Trimming & Local Anesthesia
Our technique ensures very comfortable experience during this process. On the day of surgery, donor area is trimmed properly for graft harvesting. At AK Clinics, local anesthesia is virtually pain free. First, a numbing cream or gel is applied to minimize the pain while administering the anesthesia. We use nerve blocks along with anesthesia through thinnest needles to give comfort to the patient. Further the use of vibrator along further reduces the pain sensation.
Recipient Site Creation or Slit making
This is a very critical procedure and this decides the final direction and density. Our Surgeons perform the slit-makingas the 1st step. This gives 2 benefits, one it minimizes the out of body time of grafts and second the planning is fresh in the mind – so the extraction is planned accordingly. We use customized CTS (cut to size) blades that ensure proper depth reducing the trauma to underlying vessels.
After the slit making, hair follicles are extracted using ‘FLAT Punch’ designed by our doctors. With the use of Flat Punch, there will be minimal graft wastage. Grafts are extracted from the safe donor area only and the follicles are kept 100% hydrated. This ensures that minimal wastage of donor area happens and you can undergo further sessions
Graft Counting & Consent form
After the extraction, the patient asked to count the grafts. For ease the arrangement is made in row-column form.There after the patient signs the consent that he/she has counted the grafts. After this,the further implantation process is initiated. At AK Clinics, only 100% viable grafts are counted. The partially transected grafts may be implanted but not counted.
For graft implantation in pre-made slits, our technicians use double forceps and follow the FIRST-OUT-FIRST-IN methodology. A technician continually sprays the saline solution to keep the grafts hydrated. The use of double forceps or dilator ensures that there is no mechanical trauma to the grafts.
What are the types of Hair Transplant?
With the advancements, hair transplant techniques have evolved. Now, not only the hair can be transplanted on scalp only, they can be transplanted on different parts of the body. The different types of hair transplant are;
FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation), also known as strip surgery, is an ideal choice for patients with higher grade of baldness. In this procedure, the hair bearing skin is removed by using a scalpel and the resultant gap is sutured together. This strip is divided in grafts and then implanted on the recipient area.
FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) is a more sophisticated method. In this method individual grafts are taken out one by one and placed in the bald area. This is the reason there is no linear scar, but just only tiny, inconspicuous dot-like scars. Though unlike the popular myth, FUE is not a scar-less surgery.
Bio-FUE™ is an advanced version of FUE hair transplant developed by AK Clinics team of doctors. It is a long-term customized plan for hair restoration using indigenous equipment like ‘Flat Punch’. Also, this takes into account the fact that every patient is different, so needs different plan.
Bio-DHT™ is a further improvement of Bio-FUE™ in which the extraction and implantation of grafts happen at the same time. This helps in reducing the out-of-body time of grafts to a minimum and hence improves the graft survival. This is also being currently studied by the ISHRS FUE Research Committee.
Facial Hair Transplant is carried out for the restoration of areas like eyebrows, eyelashes, mustache, beard and sideburns. The hair is generally taken from the back of the head through FUE or FUT and transplanted on the face. Though this procedure very safe but requires very high skill due to the importance of hair direction.
Beard transplant is a type of facial hair transplant but is increasingly becoming more and more popular among the youth. Inadequate facial hair becomes a source of embarrassment as this is generally linked to masculinity. The procedure though simple needs a highly experienced surgeon to give a natural look.
Body hair transplant is used in patients with weak donor area. There are many areas of the body from which grafts can be harvested like chest, back, pubis, armpits etc but the best source is beard grafts. The body hair is usually give good results when used in conjunction with the scalp hair.
A giga-session is a very careful combination of a follicular unit transplant and a follicular unit extraction. This is actually the best bet when you have the requirement for more than 5000 grafts. With our expertise, we can extract close to 4000-4500 grafts from the scalp alone with this technique and the rest by Body Hair Transplant.
Who are the suitable candidates for Hair Transplant?
As a general rule, when a clear-cut baldness pattern has established and patient has a healthy donor area, hair transplant can be planned. But it is important to establish the reasons for hair loss. In many-a-cases the procedure may not be advisable or advisable in due course of time only or even after a pre-treatment
During the consultation, our experienced counselors and surgeons diagnose the condition & help you to reach the decision in planning the hair restoration journey. Following are the few key factors which makes a person right candidate for the hair transplant:
A diagnosis of the reason for hair loss that is amenable to the surgeon for hair transplantation
Adequate hair on donor area to satisfy current and future needs
Realistic expectations about surgical hair restoration can accomplish
Hair growth after the surgery
How much time it will take to regrow? How many hair will grow every month? These are the common questions that people seek for after the surgery. It will take approximately 6-12 months for the new transplanted hair to grow. Following is a general growth illustration after the procedure.
The time after your transplant procedure is significantly important. It is vital that to understand the goals, complications or limitations of the hair transplant. The surgeon & team will explain you the complete schedule during the consultation& after the procedure. He may ask you to avoid:
When you decide to go for a surgical hair restoration, it is important to know the key advantages. At AK Clinics, our motive is that every transplanted hair should grow. The most important thing our doctors have achieved is the level of expertise to provide great aesthetic look with minimum possible number of grafts. This hugely helps in saving the donor area.
It is the only known permanent solution of baldness. During the hair transplant, our physicians only transplant the healthy and viable follicles from the safe donor area only. You can style, color or cut them as you want.
Hair transplant gives you the natural results as our doctors use the next generation Bio-FUE™ technique. They artistically transplant hair, complementing to the natural growth of the patient. This will give you healthy and natural results.
At AK Clinics, hair transplant surgery is simple and outpatient procedure. You can go back to your home at the same day of surgery as the procedure is minimally invasive. Please go through post-operative instructions to know in detail about the recovery period.
Hair transplant surgery, if performed by an experienced surgeon, is generally a safe procedure. At the same time it is a surgical procedure and has the inherent risks that are associated with any minimally invasive surgeries. Our team of highly experienced surgeons takes care of the patient and procedure at every step so that there is minimal risk of any infection after the hair transplant surgery.
Why to choose AK Clinics for Hair Transplant Surgery?
One who is undergoing hair transplant surgery always looks for the best treatment. Our surgeons have experience of successfully extracting and implanting millions of grafts procedures. We thrive to provide highest quality results at affordable cost at our exclusive centers across India. Following factors makes AK Clinics unique from other hair transplant clinics;
Our trandemarked Bio-FUE™ procedure
Great Resuts since 2007
Experienced Surgeons & team
Low FTR (below 3% in FUE hair transplant)
Minimum out-of-body-time of grafts
Grafts given by counting
Ultra hygienic OTs
Historical Evolution of Hair Transplantation
The development up to today’s latest hair transplant technique was started way back in the 1822 when Professor Dom Unger along with his student Diffenbach performed experimental surgery in human and animals of moving hair from area to the other. There are few mentions of people trying the same in the following decades. The modern surgical technique was first developed in Japan in 1930s but that was largely for trauma corrections. Dr. S. Okuda, a Japanese dermatologist, is known to have moved hair bearing skin to hairless areas. Hair Transplantation as treatment for androgenetic alopecia only became popular in 1959 with a paper of Norman Orentreich, MD.
Dieffenbach described the experimental hair transplant surgery
Norman Orentreich experiment with donor grafts to balding area-Hair plugs
FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) hair transplant technique
FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) hair transplant technique introduced
ARTAS system became the first FDA approved hair transplant robot
I started facing hair loss at the age of 26 but it was not very noticeable. But at 29
the hair loss progressed very quickly and crown almost became empty. And further my
hair line receded quickly. Now at the age of 31 I started looking very old.
I tried many medicines like homeopathic etc etc but nothing seems to work.
Then I started searching for my options and finally decided for a hair transplant.
I can see good results post-transplant. Overall good. As suggested, I may go for
further transplant for crown area. I am currently taking 6 months cyclical therapy
again to stop hair fall. Then will take the decision accordingly. I can say I would
prefer someone for A K Clinic. As it is giving person the way to live more happily.
Had a hair transplant at AK clinic under care of Doc. KAPIL DUA.And after treatment it
has been 3 month now and I have very much inproved growing hair. He is best surgeon
ever seen and very experienced in this art. They also provided very good atmosphere
while surgery. With his experience he gave very confident to his patients while surgery.
After talking to Dr Kapil I have decided to go for a hair transplant surgery which turned
out to be very good. Total of 6000 grafts were transplanted. The density was medium
density. The procedure was FUE without any scar. The procedure was by done both Dr
Kapil and Dr Aman. I strongly recommend anyone who is looking for a FUE surgery in India.