Male Breast Reduction Surgery



Classification and external resources

What is Gynecomastia?

Enlargement of breast in human male is called Gynecomastia because of feminine type looks of breast. In this physical abnormality and deformed state, breasts bulged and protrude outward. It primarily involves accumulation of glandular tissue, fatty tissue and excessive growth of skin. In medical term it is proliferation of ductal and stromal part of mammary glands. This means breast more often becomes bulky, voluminous, heavy, irregular and distorted. This condition may be unilateral and asymmetrical affecting either of side of breast. This condition is also known as Man boobs or men breast enlargement. Gynecomastia removal is surgically done with gynecomastia surgery or men breast reduction surgery.

Causes of Gynecomastia

  • Low level of androgens or sex hormones such as testosterone, LH
  • High levels of estrogens or female hormones
  • Drugs such as antibiotics, antidepressants, diuretics
  • Use of anabolic steroids to gain large and bulky muscles
  • High level of prolactin, a hormone responsible for producing milk in females,
  • Certain narcotics such as marijuana, heroin
  • Genetically due to klinefelter’s syndrome
  • Diet loaded with fat and lipids
  • Hypogonadismsmall testes/ unable to produce enough hormones
  • Rare causescancer of testis, breast, liver cirrhosis
  • Hyperthyroidism It helps in retaining more fluid in body

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Types of Gynecomastia


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Other aspects of Gynecomastia or Male Breast

Signs & Symptoms

The most important symptom is enlargement of male breast – especially the enlargement of the glandular tissue rather than fatty tissue. The same could be observed on both side or even one side. The same should be diagnosed & terated as early as possible.


The spectrum of gynecomastia severity has been categorized into a grading system:

  • Minor enlargement, no skin excess
  • Grade II: Moderate enlargement, no skin excess
  • Grade III: Moderate enlargement, skin excess
  • Grade IV: Marked enlargement, skin excess


Gynecomatia is generally not physcially harmful but more devastating psychological consequenses like low self-esteem or shame for sufferers. One must know that weight loss cannot reduce the glandular component so teartment is a must. In rare cases, it could also be indicator of underlying condition like testicular cancer.


Gynecomastia or male breasts are beocming more and more prevalent in all age groups especially Senile gynecomastia is estimated to be present in 24-65% of men between the ages of fifty and eighty. Breast reduction surgeries to correct gynecomastia are becoming increasingly common. There are many approaches to the treatment of the male breasts

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Gynecomastia Treatment or
Male Breast Reduction Surgery

Our highly qualified plastic surgeons at AK Clinics routinely perform gyencomastiarm mastectomy or liposuction of patients suffering from this condition. AK Clinics is equipped with ultra modern equipments with all facilities and state-of-art-technology. Moreover our doctors are highly sensitive to your feelings and emotions and ensures you of masculine look through this surgery.

Non Surgical Treatment

Many people approach endocrinologist for the treatment but in most of the cases the size once increased can only be reduced by a surgery. Further since gynecomastia is hormonal problem so the treatment regime is generally anti hormones which have serious side effects.

Surgical Treatment – Least Invasive

Gynacomastia Surgery is mostly performed a least invasive method where in the patient sees almost invisible scars. Liposuction is used in conjunction for better results. But in some cases where the size is too big or the boobs are hanging because of the over weight loss, a more invasive method Infra-mammary approach in which incision is given below the breast.

Surgical Treatment – Conventional method

In the conventional method & most commonly used an incision is made around the areola and entire gland is removed though this incision. Thsi is used when there is no sagging or no excision is required. The nerves and blood vessels are also removed. So this method is getting less and less popular. Though in some cases this needs to chosen invariably.

Before, during & after the Gynecomastia Surgery


Our eminent cosmetic surgeons identify the Gynecomastia through the physical diagnosis of breast that includes its tenderness, hardness, shape, volume and size of abnormal breast. Clinical tests such as hormonal levels, ultrasound diagnoses confirm the exact cause. This could also be related to sexual dysfunction.

During the procedure

Depending upon the type of procedure decided, the surgery is performed under local or general anaesthesia. In most of the cases the surgery is performed on out patient basis which means the discharge normally happens the same day. The procedure takes 2-3 hours in total and is relatively simple with a short recovery period. All the instructions are given to make sure the recovery period is hassle free.

Post-op Period

One should not do any exercise involving muscular force post surgery. Our Plastic surgeons at AK Clinics will advise you regarding the exercise that can be done after few weeks of surgery beginning from very light exercises. Medicines should be taken as prescribed and follow up diagnosis and treatment is necessary for the best results.

Cost of surgery

The cost of cosmetic surgery depends upon the individual case. It varies from one patient to another considering the size and volume of enlarged breast and tissues involved.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Gynecomastia & its treatment

We strive to provide highest quality at affordable cost with hygiene and imported equipments

Testosterone is a male sex hormone or androgen. Deficiency of testosterone hormone causes this condition in males in older ages.
In breast reduction surgery, most of glandular tissue, fatty tissue and fat with excess of skin is removed surgically.

Gynecomastia Treatment in Ludhiana

51-E, Sarabha Nagar, Opp Kipps Market, Ludhiana, Punjab 141001 – India
Mobile: +91-97799-44207


Gynecomastia Treatment in Delhi

M-20, Greater Kailash I, Near M Block Market, New Delhi-110048 – India.
Telephone: +91-81309-44227,


Gynecomastia Treatment in Bangalore

1st Floor, 316 The Mayfair, 100 Feet Rd, Indiranagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka-560038, India.
Telephone: +91-97799-44207,


Our Doctors

Our eminent dermatologists diagnose the indication to be treated and thereon decide the course plan which is best for the patient. Then the patient is counselled for the procedure to make informed decision.