Classification and external resources
What is Pigmentation ?
Hyper-pigmentation of the skin resulting in skin discoloration occurs due to the excessive production of melanin. It may affect any area of the body and could be a source of great distress to the patients but most people get impacted with pigmentation on face. In some cases skin pigmentation could be a manifestation of an underlying medical condition and therefore each case of hyper-pigmentation should be evaluated thoroughly.
Causes of dark spots on your skin
Types of hyperpigmentation
There are various types of hyperpigmentation but the following are the most commonly seen:
Sunspots, which are also known as solar lentigines, are often caused due to extensive exposure to the sun. These also appear on those parts of the body, which are constantly exposed to the sun, such as the face and hands.
Melasma is often considered to be caused due to a change in the hormonal activity in the body. This is why it is most commonly seen in women, during their pregnancy. While the condition could show up in any part of the body, it is seen most commonly on the face and abdomen.
There is also something known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which is caused due to an injury to the skin.
Causes and Methods of Diagnosis
The method of diagnosis of pigmentation treatment depends upon the causes of these dark spots. Following are the various causes of the pigmentation and methods of diagnosis based upon it.
There are a few basic causes for hyperpigmentation:
Methods of diagnosis:
The main methods of diagnosis include:
Advantages of Pigmentation Treatment
After a few sessions, you will start to notice that the pigments have started to fade away and the natural colouring of your skin is starting to return. In addition, the treatment can reduce the spread of the pigmentation. The treatment will also include treating the root cause of the condition, which will deter further appearance of the pigment.
Before, during & after the Pigmentation treatment
Before laser treatment for pigmentation
During laser treatment for pigmentation
After laser treatment for pigmentation
You will be given instructions on how to care for your skin and you might also be given certain medicines to help with the same. You might be asked not to step out into the sun for a few days or protect the treated area, if you do need to step out.
If the procedure has been done by professionals, then there is little that can go wrong, but there are certain side effects or possible complications, such as:
- The skin can take on a grey colour
- There could be some bleeding
- There could be excessive blistering and crusting, which does not fall off easily
- The pigments do not fade at all
- There is uneven colouring over the treated area