Alpha Hydroxy Acid Peels
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are naturally occurring carboxylic acids and can be found in foods such as tomato juice and sour milk. These are the mildest of peels and can be used to handle dryness, fine wrinkles, acne and even pigmentation. As a matter of fact, AHA can even be combined with your regular facial wash or cream in a milder concentration and used on a daily basis.
Beta Hydroxy Acid Peels/ Salicylic Acid Peel
Beta hydroxyl acid is now being preferred over AHA, because they are able to penetrate the pores in a more effective manner. Research has shown that BHA can control the excretion of sebum as well as acne. In addition, it will also remove dead skin cells in a more effective manner. Salicylic acid peels are a type of beta hydroxy (BHA) peel. These are best for treating comedonal acne. They also have anti-inflammatory effects that can decrease the erythema (redness) associated with acne.
Retinoic Acid Peel (Yellow Peel)
This is the type of chemical peel that your local salon might not offer, because this needs more professional expertise. Yellow Peel is a recent addition to a wide range of anti-pigmentation solutions. It is an efficacious reversal method against hyper-pigmentation caused by sun exposure, photo-ageing or scars. It helps to increase the microcirculation and oxygen supply to the skin which results in even skin tone.
Croton Oil / Phenol Peel
The origins of this peel go back to the 1920s and it was in the 1960s that it emerged as a popular skin treatment. The exfoliation will be more intense, and this will lead to more effective regeneration of the dermis.
Formerly known as the Coombe’s formula, this type of chemical peel was pioneered by Dr Max Jessner, who was a German-American dermatologist and it was on his name that the method was renamed. He combined salicylic acid, lactic acid and resorcinol in an ethanol base, because this was meant to break the intracellular bridges that occurred naturally between keratinocytes. The chemical solution does not enter the pores as deeply as certain other peels.
Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA) Peel
TCA used as an intermediate to deep peeling agent in concentration which range from 20-50%. Depth of penetration increases with 50%. TCA penetrates into the reticular dermis. TCA is preferred for darker skinned patients. It helps to smoothen the surface wrinkles and removes superficial blemishes. TCA also help to correct the skin pigmentation.