In the previous article, we looked at some of the most common mistakes that we make, almost every day, which leads to hair loss. These ranged from not washing hair enough number of times in a week to using very hot water to wash hair. In this article we will continue to look at some other practices that we follow regularly and can actually cause more damage to our hair than benefit.

  • When there is loss of hair, people start looking at methods by which they can cover the hair loss up. If the hair loss is too severe, they might consider a transplant or restoration procedure. However, when the hair loss is mild, many people opt to simply wear some hair extensions. What many people do not realise is that while hair extensions might make you look good, they will lead to further hair loss. Extensions are actually glued to the scalp and many a times, they get torn away. If you really want hair extensions, it would be best that you go for the clip on ones.

  • You might be very particular about oiling, washing and conditioning your hair on a regular basis. However, if you do not get your hair trimmed regularly, you are asking for trouble. Over time, hair tends to develop split ends and these need to be removed, in order for hair to grow properly.

  • We live in a world where there are plenty of hair care products to entice and spoil us these days. Some of those hair products include those which are meant for as long stay. However, when a product claims to be ‘long stay’, it will actually create more trouble for your tresses. These products will make the hair more brittle and drier, leading to breakage. If you truly love your hair, you might want to opt for styling products that leave your hair softer or leave them moisturised, such as styling creams or serums.

  • Then there are also some medications, which are known to lead to hair loss. These could include medicines such as anti-anxiety agents, anti-depressants, anti-hypertensive and thyroid replacement drugs. In addition, certain brands of oral birth control pills can also lead to hair loss. Many a times, when a woman stops taking these drugs, there is even more hair loss. Make sure that you talk to a doctor before you start taking any such medications and if there is a chance of hair loss, you might want to ask for a replacement.

  • Sometimes something as simple as ignoring an itchy scalp could lead to aggravated hair loss. When the scalp becomes itchy, there could be plenty of explanations for the same, which could range from dandruff to seborrheic dermatitis. And once the cuticle has been damaged, the fibre will certainly break off.

  • Now let’s say, you do have dandruff, it is best that you not use the over the counter or super store purchased dandruff shampoos on a regular basis, because they are known to dry the scalp off. It would be better that you talk to your doctor, who will be able to prescribe a more effective shampoo or medication to tackle your dandruff.

  • As a matter of fact, even if you are not struggling with dandruff, it would be a good idea to keep changing your shampoo on a regular basis. This ensures that your scalp and hair does not become immune to the shampoo and is cleansed thoroughly each time. In addition, this is also a great way to ascertain that there is no severe damage from particular chemicals.

  • While you might love the new burgundy coloured hair of yours, but it would be wise to let the colour run its course, before you apply the new layer. Your hair needs time to breathe and be in its natural state, every once in a while, or you can be sure that your hair will fall out. In addition, it is just as important that you not get multiple hair treatments at the same time. So, if you are getting your hair coloured, then leave the straightening, for another time. Multiple treatments in one go, means those many chemicals, heat and other tortures, and these will all leave the hair weakened and the follicles damaged.

  • There would be many people who would think that natural and homemade hair packs would not lead to any serious problems, but the fact is far from it. Too much of anything is potentially dangerous, including hair packs.

  • The hair serum you are thinking of picking up might be from a reputed brand, but there is no guarantee that it will work well with your hair. This is why, it would be best that you talk to your doctor to ensure that this particular serum will suit your hair.

  • While it is important that you treat wet hair with gentle hands, it is all the more important that you not tie up wet hair. Many people have a tendency to tie up their wet hair in a loose knot, but this will actually lead to bigger problems. When hair does not dry up properly, there is always scope for infections, which will eventually lead to hair loss. When you wash your hair, make sure you use a soft or cotton towel to wipe your hair clean and ensure that excess water has been removed. Then, you can use a wide toothed comb to gently comb your hair.

If you are losing hair because you recently brought your bundle of joy into the world, you have nothing to worry about. Losing hair after pregnancy or even during the period is normal and natural. The hair that you lose during this time will grow back in the next few months.

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Hair brings confidence and happiness to an individual and improves the attitude of the person. But the problem of hair fall shatters the personality of one and all. It is now no longer limited to elderly people but also affecting the younger generation. No one from us wants to encounter this scary feeling of hair loss. Usually every day there is a hair fall which is very normal. But, some people may experience excessive loss in a day or month.

This type can affect men, women and children. The DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) – the male sex hormone – is the primary trigger for male and female pattern baldness. In addition, more and more follicles go into the resting phase with growing age leading to gradual thinning of hair. Most commonly, hair loss is related with determined genetic factors, family history, and the overall aging process. Many men and women may notice a mild and often normal physiologic thinning of hair starting in their thirties and forties. Further some time, normal life variations including temporary severe stress, nutritional changes, and hormonal changes like those in pregnancy, puberty, and menopause may cause a reversible hair loss. There are many other causes of scalp loss and they do differ individually.

Androgenetic Alopecia.

Among adults, the most common cause of loss is Androgenetic Alopecia, sometimes called male or female pattern baldness. It can affect both men and women although men experience a much visible degree of loss. In women, Androgenetic Alopecia appears as diffuse hair loss occurring over most of the scalp. In men however the pattern of loss usually starts with a receding hairline which then advances to thin the top of the head. However, it is now known that it is more specifically the male hormone dihydrotestosterone – DHT (which is converted from testosterone by the enzymes 5 alpha reductase) which contributes to Androgenetic Alopecia in those who are genetically predisposed. It is interesting to note that individuals with a deficiency in 5 alpha reductase do not develop Androgenetic Alopecia. It also can occur in people who take steroids like testosterone to build their bodies.

Alopecia Areata.

Alopecia Areata is thought to be an auto-immune disease of the hair, initially appearing as a rounded bare patch about an inch across. These can get bigger, and in a small number of cases, can progress to total hair loss.  It affects both men and women equally and is often experienced first in childhood. The hair usually grows back within a year, but not always. Sometimes people with alopecia areata lose their hair again. There are three types of Alopecia Areata which are named according to their severity. Alopecia Areata is mild patchy loss on the scalp Alopecia Totalis is the loss of all scalp Alopecia Universalis is the loss of scalp and all body hair.


: It is a psychosomatic disorder in which people over and over again pull their hair out, often leaving bald patches. As an outcome, it causes baldness by damaging hair of different lengths. People with trichotillomania usually need professional help from a specialist or other mental health professional before they are able to stop pulling their hair out.

Excessive Hair Treatments and Styling:

Getting hair treatments frequently like applying chemicals such as coloring, bleaching, straightening, and applying heat to hair (like using a hot iron or hot blow drying) can cause damage that may make the hair break off or fall out temporarily.  Hair fall due to hair styling can be permanent. So avoid wearing hair pulled so tightly that it places tension on the scalp can result in a condition called traction alopecia. Traction alopecia can be permanent if the style is worn for a long enough time that it damages the follicles.

Poor Nutrition:

This is one of the commonest reasons for loss, especially in India. Iron deficiency (anemia) tops the list and is followed by protein deficiency. Improper absorption of the nutrients can also lead to poor nutrition. This is why some people with eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia lose their hair. The body isn’t getting enough protein, vitamins, and minerals to sustain growth. Some teens who are vegetarians also lose their hair if they don’t get enough protein from non-meat sources. Disorder in the hair growth cycle: Several major factors can change the growth cycle temporarily. For example, delivering a baby, having surgery, going through a traumatic event, or having a serious illness or high fever can temporarily cause shedding of large amounts of hair. Because the hair we see on our heads has actually taken months to grow, a person might not notice any disruption of the growth cycle until months after the event that caused it. This type of hair loss corrects itself.

Hormonal Changes

: Hormonal problems may cause loss. Pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, etc. can lead to significant hair loss. If your thyroid gland is overactive or underactive, your hair may fall out. This loss usually can be helped by treatment thyroid disease. Hair loss may occur if male or female hormones, known as androgens and estrogens, are out of balance. Correcting the hormone imbalance may stop your loss.

Medications and Infections:

Some medicines can cause hair loss. Medicines that can cause hair loss include blood thinners (also called anticoagulants), medicines used for gout, medicines used in chemotherapy to treat cancer, vitamin A (if too much is taken), birth control pills and antidepressants. Diet pills that contain amphetamines also can cause loss. This type of loss improves when you stop taking the medicine. Certain infections can cause loss. Fungal infections of the scalp can cause hair loss in children. The infection is easily treated with antifungal medicines. Hair loss may occur due to poor blood circulation, mental stress, or while recovering from a serious illness such as high fever, sudden or excessive weight loss, after a surgery or from metabolic disturbances. Since loss may be an early sign of a disease, it is important to find the cause so that it can be treated.

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