Gone are the days when surgery was the only way to get a younger looking face and had you visited a cosmetic surgeon, they would have suggested a surgical facelift as your only option. While there are several cases where a surgical facelift would still be suggested, there are actually several places where you will also get a non-surgical choice too.

The two most popular options when it comes to non-invasive and non-surgical facelifts include Thermage and the newer option, Ultherapy. While Thermage was first introduced in 2002, Ultherapy came a good seven years later. The basic tenet of both therapies is pretty much the same – they both stimulate the production of collagen within the deeper layers of skin, allowing regeneration of skin.

The goal:

Although the basic idea behind both procedures is to improve the condition of the skin and make it look younger, the actual goal of both procedures is different. While Thermage treats wrinkles on the face and the area under the eyes, ultherapy works better on the skin of the neck, chin and brow area. in addition, Thermage can work really well on wrinkles and even bulges on other parts of the body, but ultherapy will work better on the chest area.

The energy used:

While both procedures utilise a certain type of energy to ‘reenergise’ the collagen production in the dermal layers of the skin, the type of energy used is different. Thermage uses radiofrequency energy and ultherapy uses ultrasound but both the processes do create heat. However, ultrasound is able to reach the deepest layers of the skin much more easily than Thermage.

The procedure:

In the simplest of terms, ultherapy uses ultrasound waves, while Thermage uses radiofrequency and both procedures create heat inside the dermal layers. However, ultherapy treats the skin from inside out, while Thermage treats the skin inwards, from the outside. So, ultherapy ensures that the heat is penetrated into the deepest layers of the skin and that excites the collagen molecules, forcing them into an active stage. In Thermage, it is the skin that is heated and the heat travels into the dermal layers, doing the same thing to the collagen levels.

The areas of treatment:

Ultherapy is used to treat mainly three areas – the brow, the chin and neck and the chest area or décolletage. Thermage can treat a lot more areas, including various parts of the face, the area around the eyes, the abdomen and the thighs. So, while Thermage has more widespread use, only Ultherapy is FDA approved as a skin tightening method.

The time taken:

The time taken to complete both ultherapy and Thermage procedures totally depends on how much of an area you intend to cover. An ultherapy session can take anywhere between 30 to 90 minutes, while Thermage treatments can take from 45 to 90 minutes.

The time commitment:

Because both ultherapy and Thermage are non-invasive and non-surgical treatments, there is not a lot of downtime associated with either one of them. In most cases, people are able to return to work, almost immediately after treatment, but in certain cases, a single day off might be required. This can be because of the slight swelling or skin tenderness that tends to accompany these procedures.

The results:

It is best that you not expect radical results from either ultherapy or Thermage, because both of them will not give you the kind of results a surgical facelift could give you. However, you will be able to see significant changes in a matter of weeks, with ultherapy and within a few months with Thermage. Depending on how your skin ages naturally, the results could last anywhere between 6 to 18 months.

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For years, Botox has been used to help reduce the signs of aging, reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and give skin a firmer appearance. However, with the ever changing face of medical and technological advancements, so many new uses of Botox are now starting to appear and some of them are actually quite interesting.


Here is a look at some of the most interesting and often effective uses of Botox, apart from those associated with younger and healthier looking skin:

  • Botox can be used to treat migraine – A growing number of doctors are now using Botox to treat migraines, because Botox could possibly stop a migraine, before it actually starts, nipping the bud, before it blooms! The doctor would probably ask you to undergo a battery of tests to confirm that the headache you are having is a migraine and nothing else. However, the injections are only for adults, who have close to 15 or more migraines in a month. Once the Botox treatment has been done, the pain should reduce, along with the frequency.
  • It can treat certain eye related problems – If you have been struggling with a cross eye, Botox might actually be the assistance that you have been looking for. With the advice from an experienced eye specialist, you could get injections into the muscles of the eyes that control the movements. If everything goes well, the appearance of the cross eye should become minimal. There is also the condition known as blepharospasm, which leads to the uncontrolled twitching of the eyelids. Botox is one of the easiest methods to treat this condition and the effects of the treatment can last up to three months.
  • Say goodbye to body odour – If you are someone who needs to invest in a huge number of deodorants and body mists, simply because you are unable to get a handle on your body odour, then Botox might be the answer to your prayers. Even though the treatment is not fool proof, there are studies which have shown the efficacy of the same. Botox will be injected in places such as the palms, the soles of the feet and at times, even the groin, to block the sweat glands.
  • Bring your bladder under your control – There are certain medical conditions that lead to a hyperactive bladder. In this condition, the muscles of the bladder undergo uncontrollable spasms and that leads to the sudden dispersal of urine. This can actually be quite an embarrassing situation, but Botox seems to be the answer for this problem as well. studies have shown that when the Botox is administered properly, it can reduce the muscles, leading to lesser spasms and hence reduced urinary incontinence.
  • Reduce the symptoms associated with Parkinson’s – People suffering from conditions such as Parkinson’s have trouble with a range of their bodily functions. While some might not have a control over the twitching of their hands, there are others who will continue to drool. Since Botox is essentially a muscle relaxant, it will be able to help with certain conditions associated with Parkinson’s too. Studies have shown that the issues related to muscle spasticity that are often associated with Parkinson’s can often be controlled using a certain number of carefully administered Botox injections.
  • No need to be depressed – The most recent studies have shown that Botox could also possibly help reduce depression. While there are those who believed that when a person looked younger or better, there was a marked improvement in their moods. However, in depth studies have shown that the chemical composition of Botox helps elevate mood levels and reduce the symptoms of clinical depression.

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You look in the mirror and you notice that you can suddenly see a little bit more of your scalp than you would like to. Although you are not losing hair by the chunks, you are not too happy with the way your head has started looking and even though you are pretty sure that you will not need a hair transplant, you certainly want to have a head that looks fuller.

If you do not want to undergo a surgical procedure, but still want to have a head that looks full of hair and stunning, then you need to consider Scalp Micro Pigmentation or SMP. There are several people who have not reached the stage of a complete hair transplant, but still have bald spots or places on their head, where their scalp is clearly visible and this is the process that is just right for them.

What exactly is Scalp Micro Pigmentation?

Scalp Micro Pigmentation is a technique that allows doctors to create a series of tiny little dots on the scalp. A natural and non-toxic ink is used to create these dots and the placement is such that it will always be in between natural hair to create a look of density. The method can also be used to fill in completely bald spots too, and give the look of a really closed crop cut. In the simplest of terms, SMP is like tattooing on your head to create the illusion of hair and while the most popular use is on the head, it can be used on any other part of the body too.

SMP is becoming extremely popular because it has several benefits – from the fact that it is completely non-invasive, to the fact that it is an extremely cost effective procedure, a growing number of people are now opting for it. In addition, the procedure can ensure immediate results, which are absolutely realistic too. However, it is important to remember that like all tattoos, that too will fade with time, which means that after a while, you will need to go in for revision sessions. Perhaps the biggest advantage of SMP is that is ideal for all stages and types of hair loss and there are no restrictions in terms of age, skin colour or skin type.

What is the procedure of Scalp Micro Pigmentation? 

The procedure is actually quite simple – you will need mostly two to three sessions and each session will have about a month’s gap. A cartridge, with three needles, will work on the surface of the skin, gently injecting the ink onto the skin, pretty much the same way a tattoo would be applied. The spacing of the pigments will be decided by the doctor and it will be based on the location of the natural hair. Experienced doctors will even use different colours to ensure a completely natural look.

Who would be an ideal candidate for Scalp Micro Pigmentation?

 SMP is actually a good idea for almost anyone – whether you have just started losing hair or have been losing hair since long, you can consider SMP. Here are some of the factors that will make you an ideal candidate:

  • If you have undergone multiple hair transplant, but still want more
  • If you have diffused thinning
  • If you have a negligible donor area
  • If you are not too keen on surgery
  • If you suffer from extensive alopecia
  • If you want better facial hair like eyebrows, beard and moustache
  • If you want to cover the scars from a trauma or surgery hairy area 

How Scalp Micro Pigmentation will help? 

Here are just some of the ways in which you can benefit from SMP:

  • Reduce scalp visibility
  • Cover entirely bald spots
  • Helps to create a proper hairline
  • Cover up signs of alopecia
  • Cover up scars, burns and even birthmarks


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When the cold winter months set in, there is nothing more enticing than soaking up the sun and enjoying its warmth. Heading out for a beach vacation means sitting on the beach and working on your sun tan and returning home with that bronzed look. However, what a lot of people do not realise is that while sunlight can give you the essential amount of vitamin D, too much of it can actually cause damage to the skin. Studies have shown that if your skin is exposed to excessive sunlight, it can be severely damaged – from sunburns to wrinkles and most dangerously, skin cancer.


Actually, what the sun does is that it damages the natural fibres of the skin, known as elastin, which leads to the skin becoming loose, saggy and flaccid. Because of the loss of elastin, the skin also loses its ability to protect itself against bruising or tearing and is unable to heal at the same speed as it used to.

Here are just some of the problems that too much exposure to the sun can cause:

  • Uneven pigmentation: When the skin is exposed to too much sunlight, it increases the production of melanin, in an effort to protect the skin. While the skin might only seem darker to most people, it is actually a serious condition. The extensive exposure could actually lead to the permanent stretching of the small blood vessels, which could lead to your skin look distressed.
  • Damage to darker skin: Even though a majority of people in the world are obsessed with light or fair skin, it is actually darker skin that is more protected against the effects of the sun. However, darker skin too can get badly damaged by the sun, and the result would be pigmentation and wrinkles.
  • Solar lentigines on the forehead and other parts of the body: When the body is exposed to too much sun, there is an increase in pigmentation and when the same pigments appear in the form of flat spots, they are known as lentigines. These are normally black, brown or grey and can be of various sizes. The appearance of the same is generally on those parts of the body, which are most exposed to the sun, such as the face, back, neck, arms and legs.
  • Solar elastosis: The rays of the sun have ultraviolet rays, and these can break the connective tissue of the skin. When this happens, the skin starts to lose not just the elasticity, but also the strength. What this will cause are creases on the skin, sagging skin and deep wrinkles.
  • Melasma: This is a condition, wherein facial skin becomes brown and the dark patches, which emerge during the summer or spring months, and often fade away during the winter months. This condition is more common with women, because there is a connection between how the sun affects the skin and how the amounts of estrogen and progesterone affect the body.
  • Actinic keratoses: This condition presents itself in the form of patches that are rough, scaly and slightly raised. The colour of the patches could vary from white to dark pink or even shades of brown. Yet again, the patches will appear on those parts of the body, which are constantly exposed to the sun.
  • Lentigo maligna: This is the kind of growth that occurs over long time exposure to the sun and is most commonly seen on face, hands and legs. What starts off as a small spot can eventually become really large.

Some of the other problems that sun damage could cause include benign tumours, freckles, sallowness, which is a type of yellow discoloration of the skin and Telangiectasia, which is the dilation of the small blood vessels, which are present, right under the skin.

One of the reasons why most people are not able to recognise the damage caused by the sun is because they are unable to identify the symptoms. Many a times, the damage has already been done, by the time, people realise that something has gone wrong. Here are some of the most common symptoms of your skin being damaged by over exposure to the sun:

  • Dry skin: When the skin has been constantly exposed to sunlight, the natural hydration is lost from the skin, which is what makes it dry. The skin will eventually become dry and flaky .
  • Sunburn: When the sun damage is mild, it is often termed as a sunburn and you will have noticed this on occasions that you were on the beach or out in the sun for a long time. The lines where the skin has been affected will be really clear because of the clothes. The sunburnt area will be extremely tender and in some cases, it could cause nausea or blisters.
  • Actinic keratosis: What might feel like a small bump, with a jagged surface and a brownish tint, could be the start of something serious. Initially, the condition could be the size of a pimple, but it could increase if not treated in time.

Treating sun damage can be tough at times, which is why it would be sensible to take the necessary precautions instead.

  • Every time you are stepping out in the sun, make sure that you apply a good quality sunscreen, and ideally a water resistant one, because that will not wash off easily. Make sure that you apply the same on all parts of the body.
  • Avoid trying to go out at times when the sun is at its strongest. In case you do have to go at such times, ensure that you cover up really well. Wear sunglasses that will offer your eyes UV protection and wear a hat that has a wide brim.
  • There are certain medications that could increase the chances of your skin being damaged by UV rays and you will need the help of a doctor to identify the same. These medicines could include your daily prescription ones too and it is imperative that you understand what precautions you need to take.

If you remain sun safe and check your entire body on a regular basis, you could be safe from the damage that sun can cause.

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In the previous article, we looked at alternate methods of fat removal, completely removing the need for surgery. In this article, we will continue to look at the actual methods, the procedures, the possible risks and the ultimate effects.

Let us start with the most popular methods for non-surgical fat removal:



  • Low level laser light – When a low level laser light is applied to the skin, it reduces the general stability of the adipocyte cell membranes. This allows the cells to break through from the membranes, and releasing the fat that has been stored within, without causing any damage to the actual cell. The fat is actually released into the extracellular space, which is why you might be asked to indulge in some cardio based exercise, which will help get rid of the cell from the body. The exercise will accentuate the lymph flow as well as the lipid usage. This is the same reason, you would also be asked to drink plenty of water or other liquids, post the procedure.
  • Ultrasound – For years, ultrasound has been associated with pregnancy, because this is the method that is used to observe the health and growth of an unborn foetus. However, today, ultrasound is being used for a range of other purposes, including removal of unwanted body fat. Ultrasound of a thermal nature is focused on the target area, which leads to the death and coagulation of the adipocytes, while not causing any harm to the vessels and nerves. The passive heat also leads to the remodelling of the collagen. When the ultrasound energy is focused at a specific point, the heat penetrates only the point, leaving the surrounding area safe. There will be no need for any premedication, but the areas that need to be treated, will be marked beforehand. A thin layer of gel will be applied on the skin and the transducer head will be moved over this area. The same area might be worked over, multiple times. Generally, a single session could last anywhere from a few minutes to several hours.
  • Cryolipolysis – When cryogenics is used to induce lipolysis, the process is known as cryolipolysis. Instead of heat, this is when extreme cold is used, because while adipose tissues can be burnt, they can also be frozen to death. Imagine a controlled frostbite – the fat cells will freeze, before anything happens to the skin and this frozen fat actually dies and gets absorbed by the skin. The fat will be sucked into a hand piece, and the area will be cooled down slowly. Multiple treatments might be required, for the results to become visible.  
  • Injection lipolysis – Also known as Mesotherapy, this is a procedure that is still not very popular, because the results have not been completely approved. Normally, the procedure will entail a series of injections, which will be made in the area where there is excess fat. The specially created chemical cocktail will attack the fat cells, leading to their destruction.

You will also need to know how long the results will last:

The results of liposuction or any other non-surgical fat removal methods are permanent, because the adult body does not create any new fat cells. Normally, when you gain weight, the existing cells expand. So, once the fat cells have been destroyed, they will not grow back. However, you will have to keep meeting your plastic surgeon, in order to ensure that nothing is going wrong with the procedure. In addition, it would be wise to eat right and exercise as regularly as possible, because it will help you keep in shape.

There are also several risks and limitations that are associated with non-surgical fat removal methods:

Fortunately, there are minimal side effects and risks associated with non-surgical fat removal methods, but there are cases, where things have gone wrong. Normally, when you meet a doctor, they will educate you about the same and will ensure that you are aware of what could go wrong.

Here are some of the things that can go wrong or are considered the most common side effects of the procedures:

  • There could be redness, numbness, a tingling feeling, itching or even slight bruising, but these should be temporary and should fade away in some time
  • In certain cases, there has been observed a temporary loss or dulling of sensation
  • There is the possibility of infection, especially when clean tools have not been used
  • If the tools are not used properly, it could lead to bleeding
  • Scars are also a possible side effect
  • There are certain people who are allergic to certain chemicals, and if they are undergoing Mesotherapy, there is a strong chance of an allergic reaction
  • Normally, when the fat cells or the adipose cells are being destroyed, the surrounding tissues are not damaged. However, in certain cases, the same could happen and there could be severe damage to the underlying structures.
  • During ultrasound, if the procedure is not done with care, there could be small or minor burns
  • If you are not happy with the results, you will need to go either for repeat or rectifying procedures

When you are going for any such procedure, it is important that you do your homework first. Talk to several doctors and medical practitioners, to gauge which would be the perfect course of treatment for you and only then finalise on one. Choose to get your treatment done from someone who has the requisite certifications and licenses.

It is also important to remember that these procedures are not meant to be seen as a weight loss treatment, rather as a method of fat reduction. These procedures are best suited for removing limited amounts of fat, from areas such as the abdomen, thighs and back. If the fat deposits are too high, then the only option out might be a surgical method, such as liposuction.

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Ask any woman, in any part of the world, whether they are happy with their body, and chances are that almost all of them will say that they are not. They will almost always talk about how they feel fat and have these love handles or thunder thighs! While many of them might try to diet or eat right, work out or even try herbal remedies, chances are that they might be unable to lose those fat deposits.

There is a misunderstanding that if you are fat, it has to be only fat, but the fact of the matter is that there could be cellulite deposit as well and cellulite is not as easy to lose. Studies have shown that cellulite does not melt away, in the manner in which fat can, and when there are cellulite deposits, those areas of the body are incredibly tough to tone down.

fat removal

However, with the advancements in modern medicine, there are now several methods of getting rid of the cellulite, and perhaps the most popular method of them all, happens to be liposuction. Liposuction is a minimally invasive surgical procedure, wherein a small incision is made and with a vacuum suction device, the cellulite is all sucked out. Normally, when the cellulite is sucked out, the treated part of the body continues to remain flat for a long time.

There is however, a large section of people, who are scared of surgeries, no matter how non-invasive they might be. It was perhaps having understood this that doctors, surgeons and medical professionals, all over the world have spent years, trying to develop methods of removing fat and cellulite, without surgery.

In this and the next article, we will look at alternate methods of removing fat and cellulite, without surgery.

In theory, ultrasound can help with the removal of excess fat, because when ultrasound waves are directed in a concentrated manner, it can agitate the molecules of the cellulite, leading to their removal. The procedure can be used on several parts of the body such as the thighs, stomach and hips. Because its ultrasound, there is no incision and once the session is over, most people are able to return to their normal routine.

It is important to remember that such procedures are meant mainly for, and work best for areas of the body, where the fat or cellulite does not go away, despite exercise and carefully planned out diets. These procedures will not remove large amounts of fat, in the manner which a traditional liposuction will. However, there will be a reduction, nonetheless and within a few sittings, the same will become obvious too. Generally, three to four sessions will be required, for any obvious results to become visible.  The basic tenet of the ultrasound fat removal method is this – a special probe will massage the skin, and the fat cells right beneath the skin will burst and die. The body will get rid of these dead blood cells in a natural manner.

There are also other methods, such as Mesotherapy, wherein specially formulated chemicals will be injected into your body on a repetitive basis, and the fat cells, which lie right beneath the skin, will be killed. Other methods include radiofrequency, laser energy, ultrasound and cryolipolysis. In most of these methods, the device being used it applied to the area of the skin, that needs to be treated and the heat or the cold will melt the fat away. It is imperative to remember that the weight loss and fat reduction will be a lot more subtle, in comparison to the surgical methods. Certain methods, such as radiofrequency and laser will also offer the benefit of skin and tissue tightening.

Here is the comparison between surgery and non-surgical procedures of fat removal:

A surgical procedure, no matter how minor, will cost you a lot, but you need to remember that when you go for multiple sessions of a non-invasive treatment, you will still have to shell out a lot. However, there is the fact that since there is no surgery, cuts, incisions or sutures, you will be able to return to your normal routine much faster. As a matter of fact, in many procedures, there is no downtime at all, and people are able to return to their normal routine, immediately. Even if there is any discomfort, it will disappear in a matter of days.

These are the things you will have to consider, before deciding on a non-surgical fat reduction treatment:

The when:

  • If there are pockets of fat on your body, that refuse to go away, even though you have dieted and exercised regularly
  • If there are limited fat deposits on your thighs, abdomen or calves
  • If you want to look slimmer, without any surgery

The Pros:

  • The procedures can reduce fat, which is very stubborn in nature
  • The procedures are mostly outpatient, which means that there is minimal downtime and discomfort
  • There are no cuts or incisions, which means that there are no stitches, staples or sutures either

The Cons:

  • There could be the need for multiple sessions, for the results to become visible
  • When the ultrasound procedure is being used, there could be the chance for minor burns
  • There could be numbness, redness or skin sensitivity

However, not everyone is a good candidate for such procedures:

  • You have to be in a reasonably good shape
  • The bulges you have should be modest
  • The pockets of fat that are troubling you should have proven resistant to diet and exercise
  • You really want to look slimmer, without having to undergo the pain of a surgery

In the continuing article, we will look at other aspects of non-surgical fat reduction treatments.

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So you have done the fantastic job of losing a tremendous amount of weight and now you are fitting into those clothes that you had always admired. People are constantly complimenting you on how good you are looking and are asking you about how you managed to lose a lot of weight. While you are enjoying listening to all those wonderful words, you are not happy deep within; because every time you look at yourself in the mirror, you see skin drooping and sagging, all over your body. You might have lost all that weight, but the skin that has been left behind, is still there.


There are plenty of procedures out there, which will help you, get rid of that extra skin, but the fact is that before you go rushing to your nearest cosmetology clinic, it is important for you to understand the pros and cons of each of these procedures. For instance, of late, there has been a lot of talk about body contouring, but before you sign up for the same, it is imperative that you understand every aspect associated with it.

When someone loses a lot of weight, the problem is no longer the excess fat, it is most often the skin that has been left behind, and without removing it, the actual weight loss will not be truly visible. As a matter of fact, even if you lose the weight via a weight reduction surgery, the excess skin will still be a problem. It was perhaps having understood problems like this, that procedure such as body contouring started appearing on the scene.

Although body contouring is a relatively new sub speciality in the larger domain of plastic surgery, it is fast becoming a rage, mainly because it is an easy way to remove excess skin and tissue, after dramatic weight loss. More importantly, the removal of the excess skin allows the person to feel much better about themselves, physically as well as emotionally. As a matter of fact, the process of losing all excess skin, is the last step for most people to gaining the body, they had always dreamt of. Studies have shown that the number of people, opting for body contouring has increased by a steady percentage.

Let’s first look at the types of body contouring:

While procedures like tummy tuck and breast lift have been around for a really long time, they are quite ancient as compared to what a body contouring process can do. In a body contouring process, there is a large amount of skin that is removed at one time. In addition, several parts of the body can be covered within one procedure. So, while a tummy tuck would work only on the abdomen, body contouring will work on multiple areas of the body. For instance, if you go for a lower body lift, your abdomen, the general area around the mid-section as well as the outer thighs will be taken care of. Similarly, if you go for an upper body lift, then the breasts and the back would be concentrated on. Body contouring can be done on the face too, as well as arms and inner thighs.

The amount of time taken for the procedure can vary:

It is important to understand that a body contouring procedure is a lengthy process, which means that the time spent under anaesthesia will be really long. In order to reduce that time, a growing number of clinics and hospitals are now offering multiple surgeons, working on one body, at the same time. This not only reduces the time spent under anaesthesia, but also reduces the amount of time, you will need to recover. However, you need to remember that even though there are multiple surgeons working on you, a lower body lift or a procedure covering multiple parts of the body, could still take over 5 hours, if not more.

There are certain concerns about safety:

It is important to remember that the body contouring procedure is a surgical process, which means that there is always the chance of something going wrong. Some of the most common problems include:

  • Reopening of wounds, which could lead to the need for surgical draining
  • Infection in the wounds
  • Excessive bleeding, which could invite a second surgery
  • There is the need for blood transfusion in many cases
  • In rare cases, there are blood clots

This is why it is incredibly important to choose a doctor, who has immense experience in the field, allowing for minimal to no scope for anything going wrong. Studies have shown that when there is not a lot of time between the weight loss surgery and the body contouring, things could go wrong.

Is the procedure really for you?

Simply because you have lost a lot of weight, does not mean that you really need to undergo body contouring as well. There is also the chance that you might not need body contouring for the entire body. Factors that will determine whether you need the surgery or not, include:

  • Your age
  • The amount of sun exposure you have had
  • The distribution of the weight
  • Where you have lost most weight
  • Whether you are happy with the way you look
  • Whether you are willing to spend the amount of money that such procedures require

In most cases, people who are under the age of 40, rarely need the body contouring process, because when you are young, the skin is able to jump back, much faster and easily too.

Here is what you will have to do before going in for the body contouring procedure:

  • You will have to make sure that your weight has stabilised completely, which means that you should ideally wait for 3 months, before going for the surgery.
  • Make sure that you have enough time to recover and have off time from work.
  • Having a proper support system at home will be just as important, because you will need rest and time to recuperate.
  • Stop smoking well in advance, because smoking might cause problems with your healing process.
  • You have to remember that there will be scars, which might get lighter, but they will never really disappear.

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Botox is the shortened form for botulinum toxin and it is created from a neurotoxin known as bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The medical version of this bacterium is formulated to treat a range of conditions, especially those which are associated with the muscles of the body. However, the most popular use of Botox these days, happens to be to remove wrinkles. Botox is made using the botulinum toxin type A and the manner in which it works is that is blocks the activity of the nerves in the muscles, which leads to a reduction of activity in the muscles.
botox injection
Botox is administered by injection and dosing depends on the condition that it is used for. Administration of botulinum toxin with other agents (for example, aminoglycosides, curare) that affect neuromuscular function may increase the effect of botulinum toxin. There are no adequate studies of Botox in pregnant women and it has not been evaluated in nursing mothers.
The botulinum toxin contained in Botox can spread to other body areas beyond where it was injected. This has caused serious side effects in some people receiving botulism toxin injections, even for cosmetic purposes.
Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects, some of which can occur up to several weeks after an injection:

Some of which can happen if not injected properly are:

  • Weakness in the muscles near the injection site
  • Bruising, bleeding, redness and swelling
  • Pain, which could continue for a few days
  • Dry mouth feeling and trouble swallowing
  • Headaches and a general feeling of being tired
  • Blurred vision
  • Symptoms of the cold, such as stuffy nose, cough, sore throat and sneezing

Some of the more serious side effects include:

  • Incredible amount of fatigue
  • Muscle weakness in areas that have not been treated
  • Trouble breathing or talking
  • Change in voice
  • Drooping eyes
  • Chest pains or irregular heartbeats

What else do you need to know about Botox injections?

There are certain people who cannot get a Botox injection and this list would include:

  • Pregnant women and nursing mothers
  • People who have extensive facial drooping
  • People with certain neurological conditions will need to get clearance from their doctors first

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Botox can be used to treat a number of medical conditions and while using it cosmetically for the face, light to medium wrinkles and the lines under the eyes has been incredibly popular, there are several other causes for which it can be used:

botox detail


It can be used on wrinkles that appear between the eyebrows.
It can be used to reduce or completely remove the horizontal lines that start appearing on the forehead.
It can help with the lines near the eyes, commonly known as crow’s feet and the lines on the sides of the nose known as bunny lines.
It can also help reduce muscle bands that tend to appear on the neck.
Certain doctors have also used Botox to reduce the wrinkles that appear on the lips.
It can be used to treat cervical dystonia, a condition in which there are severe spasms in the neck muscles as well as muscle spasms in other parts of the body.
It can be used to reduce hyperhidrosis or several sweating of the underarms.
It can be used to treat spasms of the eyelids.
It can also be used to treat bladders that are overactive and urine leakage.
Case studies have shown that these injections can help with severe migraines.

What are the benefits of Botox injections?

The idea behind using Botox is that it works on any kind of muscle spasms – if there is trouble contracting or redacting muscles, the injections can help. When the medication has been delivered in the correct manner and in precise dosage, the contractions will stop and this will reduce the appearance of fine lines, which in other words are known as wrinkles. These lines could be on any part of the face and the results will become visible within a few days’ time.

Perhaps the biggest benefit of using Botox is the fact that the results are temporary and hence cannot cause any long term damages. However, it is important that each of the injections is spaced properly, ideally 4-6 months apart.  

How visible is the change?

The change will be very visible and the same should happen within 3-7 days, but you need to remember that the same will last only for a few months. After this, you will have to get another dose.

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In the previous part of this two part article, we looked at what radio frequency is and how it is being used to bring back a sense of youth to the face. In this article, we will continue to look at other aspects of the same:

The method of delivering radiofrequency is important and here are the two most commonly used ones:

face lift radio frequency

  • Monopolar – When the device being used for the procedure has only one pole or electrode, it is called a monopolar device. The electrical current produced through a single electrode tends to have the maximum resistance, particularly in the area where the tip of the device, touches the skin. In such devices, a grounding pad might be attached to the base of your back, to provide an uninterrupted power flow.
  • Bipolar – As the name suggests, there are two poles or electrodes and the electrodes themselves help complete the circuit. There is no need for a grounding pad in these kinds of devices. Both the electrodes are on the same hand piece and it is the resistance to the flow of current is what generates the heat.

Anyone would want to know how many treatments it would take to see the results:

In most cases, the results are visible after the very first session, but most experts would suggest that you go in for 6 to 10 sessions. The number of sessions will also be dependent on the condition of your skin. Normally, more number of sessions will be required when there is severe skin laxity or the cellulite deposits are very deep in the skin. This is normally seen in people who are above 50 years of age.

There are actual benefits to getting a radio frequency face lift:

Here are some of the most obvious benefits of getting a radio frequency face lift:

  • The procedure is completely non-invasive and there is no pain
  • Since the procedure is non-invasive, there is no real recovery time
  • The procedure normally does not take more than 30 to 40 minutes, for a session, which means that you can get the procedure done, during your lunch break
  • No downtime means that you can go back to your regular routine immediately
  • There are no side effects, apart from perhaps some redness, which tends to subside in a matter of hours
  • The pulsed magnetic fields ensure that uniform heat is delivered to the varying depths of the skin, allowing the fat and cellulite to melt away
  • The pulses also improve the circulation of blood, drainage of the lymph nodes and the natural production of collagen
  • The results are almost immediate and visible and with continued treatments, the skin will only improve

Although the final results vary from person to person, based on factors such as age, medical conditions and the person’s lifestyle, in most cases, the results will last anywhere between 6 to 15 months. Better and prolonged results are most often seen in patients who are in their 30s, 40s or early 50s. For people who are in their 60s or 70s, more frequent sessions will be required to maintain the results.

Now, let’s move onto what actually happens in a radio frequency face lift procedure:

Before signing up for any medical or related procedure, it is absolutely important that you understand at the least, the basic steps of the process. This will ensure that you are well prepared and are aware of what will happen. It would also be prudent that you ask your doctor or skin care professional for all the details about the process and get all queries clarified, beforehand.

Most patients are asked to sign consent forms and are made aware of the possible problems, risks and side effects. Several photographs also might be taken, which will be used for the before and after comparison.

  • On arriving, you will be asked to wash your face with a gentle soap and warm water, to ensure that there are no oils or any traces of makeup. Any residue of either could lead to a hampered treatment.
  • A topical anaesthetic might be applied to numb your skin and relive you of any possible discomfort. The lotion or cream will be left for a few minutes, because normally it takes minimal time to take effect. The same will then be removed with an alcohol based cleanser.
  • Given that the problem areas will have been demarcated in advance, your medical practitioner will transfer a grid like plan onto your face, which will actually make the work of the doctor easier and more precise. This will also ensure that there is no overlapping during the treatment procedure.
  • If a monopolar device is being used, there will be a grounding pad that will be attached to the stomach or back, but the same will not be required for a bipolar device. The process will then be completed over the next few minutes.
  • Once the procedure has been completed, a soothing gel or lotion will be applied to the treated areas.

Normally, there is a little bit of redness or swelling, immediately after the procedure and it will subside in a few hours. Some people might also feel a tingling sensation on their skin or sensitivity, and this too should fade away in a few hours. Eventually, your skin will start to feel tighter and with the usage of the prescribed lotions and creams, your skin should start feeling younger, in no time.

As with any procedure, there are a few possible risks and complications with a radio frequency face lift:

  • There is a strong pulse of heat being used, and this could lead to a skin burn
  • The level of tolerance of pain is different for each person, which means that it could be uncomfortable for some people
  • There might be swelling and redness, in addition to bumps and blisters; but these should disappear in a matter of days
  • There is also the possibility of fat atrophying, which could lead to a sunken feeling in the treated area

There are some people who are not ideal candidates for a radio frequency face lift:

  • If you have any skin conditions or infections
  • If you have any sensory disturbances on your skin
  • If you are pregnant
  • If you have any metal implants or electrical devices, such as pacemakers

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