Baldness or Alopecia affects the population worldwide. Hair loss can be the reason of individual losing the self esteem. Hair transplant is solution for alopecia and leading doctors all over the world recommending the Follicular unit extraction (FUE).

FUE is a method of graft harvest whereby punches of various types are used to remove the follicular units from the donor region one at a time. To extract the follicular unit the surgeon creates a site and then implants the graft. For harvesting hair is trimmed to have a complete visualization of hair entry into scalp. The usual site for taking hair is back of the head also called as occipital region. For taking the follicular unit patient is made to lie in prone position and surgeon sits behind and slightly below the patient. The donor area is anesthetized with local anesthesia solution. FUE is performed under 2.5X to 6X magnification with good lighting source. With the experienced hand punch size can vary from 0.6mm to 1mm. The device for punch is aligned the direction of hair bulb. The hair follicular unit is extracted manually with the help of forceps. The extracted hair stored in proper solutions at colder temperatures.

The graft are implanted by various methods which were given below

  • Pre – made slits
  • Stick n place
  • Implanters
  • Machine assisted
  • Robotic System

Pre-made slits or Incision

In this method, incisions are pre-made on the scalp with small blades or needles in the affected balding areas of the scalp which is also called as the recipient area. While the FUE surgeon is making incisions, the follicular units previously harvested lie in a standard storage solution to prevent dehydration and also prevent any damage to the follicles. Follicular units are then carefully placed into recipient sites by the trained technicians. The Surgeon may chose to inspect FUE graft further under microscopic dissection before its implantation on the scalp.

5 steps in pre made slits or incision

  • The surgeon first open the hole with the forceps superficially till the epidermis only. If it goes deep then bleeding might occur and the depth is measured by measuring the length of graft
  • A needle is placed in the anterior border of the slit to identify which slit was opened.
  • The graft is held at the level of fat below graft in Strip & at the level of the bulb in FUE
  • Slide then it is hole with the help of forceps
  • Again the needle is used to stabilize it, otherwise kinking may occur

Instruments Required:

  • Blades
  • Jewel’s forceps The S-Jeweler’s Forcep is used for placing grafts in the recipient areas. The 5/45 Jeweler’s Forcep is available with its angled tip
  • Needle

CTS Blades – Blade holder

Jewel’s forceps:The S-Jeweler’s Forcep is used for placing grafts in the recipient areas. The 5/45 Jeweler’s Forcep is also available with its angled tip which can also be used for implantation

CTS Blades – Blade holder

Blade size: Available in all sizes 0.70mm, 0.80mm, 0.85mm, 0.90mm, 1mm, 1.5mm.

Advantages of pre made slits

  • 2-3 people can implant at the same time
  • No people are required for loading of grafts;
  • Less popping out; Rule go from back to front
  • Better depth control as compared to Stick n place
  • Designing remains in the hands of surgeon as compared to stick n place or Implanters which is the most artistic part of surgery.

Disadvantage of Pre made slits

  • Extra one hour is required for making the slits
  • Out of body time for grafts is increased
  • Chances of kinking are more
  • Chances of crushing are more
  • Chances of bleeding is more

Stick and Place: Simultaneous Site Creation and Implantation

In this method, site creation and graft implantation are performed simultaneously as part of a one or two step process.

Two Step “Stick and Place” Technique:

In this process qualified surgeon makes a recipient site incision with a needle and then immediately places the follicular unit graft into the incised scalp using forceps.

One Step “Stick and Place” Technique:

In this one step technique the trained surgeon uses a device, called an “implanter pen”. With the help of implanter pen surgeon make both a recipient site and implant the follicular unit almost simultaneously. It is usually called as one step technique but the surgeon is required to pre-load each implanter pen before the implantation. It may take some extra time and required additional experience and skill.

Instrument used


  • Less Bleeding
  • No Missed grafts or piggy backing
  • Smaller incisions/less vascular trauma
  • Easier to identify and follow the exact angle and direction of incision
  • You can go in the implanted area again without causing much damage
  • Ability to adjust incision size.
  • More relaxed position for the Assistant


  • Greater demand on physician time
  • Long learning curve to achieve speed
  • Less control over pattern and distribution


Implanter Pen:

It is an instrument used by physician to transfer FUE graft into scalp. An “implanter pen” is a pen-like device featuring a hollow needle attached to a tube-plunger apparatus It reduces the time of follicular unit spend time outside the body. It reduces the direct contact with patient scalp. In FUE surgery surgeon prepare a graft and then technician load the follicle with special needle to implanter Operating surgeon presses the plunger and inject the graft through the needle into the scalp. Angling the needle to proper angle is important to ensure the natural growth of hair. The main advantage of these devices is that it minimizes the bleeding and the chance of infection. It also reduces the scarring. As surgeon put the hair follicle immediately the incision has very less time of bleeding. The hair has better survivability with implanter pen because surgeon is not touching vital structure like dermal papillae in the hair root. The healing time is usually quite short since there is minimal injury to skin. The ideal implanter should be durable, light weight and easy to use. The implanter pens currently in use are

The Choi Implanter Pen

It is the original implanter the idea behind this is to combine the act of making recipient incisions and implanting follicular units. The surgeon prefers to use 2-6 implanters during surgery. All the advantage, which is given in above paragraph is true to Choi implanter pen. The disadvantage of the implanter pen is that one needs time to train the technician and surgeon and it is more expensive. The needles may be dulling during the procedure. It uses larger needle (1.1mm in diameter). Graft maybe implanted too deep because it’s a combined act. The Choi implanter pen is more suited to Asian as compared to other races because Asian hair shaft diameter is generally thick and straight so they are easily loaded in implanter. The other races may have curly hair which can’t be loaded properly in implanter pen.

The Choi Implanter Pen

It is the original implanter the idea behind this is to combine the act of making recipient incisions and implanting follicular units. The surgeon prefers to use 2-6 implanters during surgery. All the advantage, which is given in above paragraph is true to Choi implanter pen. The disadvantage of the implanter pen is that one needs time to train the technician and surgeon and it is more expensive. The needles may be dulling during the procedure. It uses larger needle (1.1mm in diameter). Graft maybe implanted too deep because it’s a combined act. The Choi implanter pen is more suited to Asian as compared to other races because Asian hair shaft diameter is generally thick and straight so they are easily loaded in implanter. The other races may have curly hair which can’t be loaded properly in implanter pen.

The Lion Implanter Pen by Hans Biomedical

It is a modified version of choi implanter pen. It features a “clip” that allows for easier and faster needle replacement. This reduces surgical downtime and heartens the technicians to change needles when necessary. Needle dulling can cause scalp trauma, so the ability to change needles quickly and easily helps promote effective and fast needle substitution when needed. The needles are sharper and sterlized with ethylene oxide gas, so less chances of infection.

SAVA Implanter

The surgeon usually complaint that choi implanter is costly and has many moving part, which can breakdown during surgery. To counter this problem Indian surgeon Dr Vasu designed the SAVA Implanter. It is cost effective and consists of transplanter and an inducer. The graft is placed in transplanter and graft is slide in using inducer.

KEEP Implanter

It is the newest implanter and it can be used by two people simultaneously. It does not require technician to the load the graft, surgeon can do both steps himself. Keep the graft in non dominant hand and roll the graft to implanter with dominant hand and once loaded to implant it himself.

Machine Assisted Implanter

Follicular units below the skin is always a puzzle for surgeons. The angle of hair changes as it leaves the scalp. The surgeons can only estimate it. Hence, advancement of punch inside the scalp is always a game of chance that leads to transection of grafts. To minimise the transection rate and enhance the speed of FUE, a French company MEDICAMAT has created a device called as SAFER®/NeoGraft® machine to automate FUE transplant. It helps in reduction of standard operation time as well as the transaction rate³.

SAFER®/NeoGraft® can perform both function of FUE, but we going to restrict our discussion to implantation in this article

  • Extraction
  • Implantation


The grafts which are extracted can be taken out from the receiver flask and arranged on the gauze. These grafts are then sucked into the hand, piece by suction pressure and implanted.


  • Less transection as per the company .
  • Less time.
  • Reduced staff.


  • The machine is expensive.
  • Although the company claims less trauma of grafts, but the biggest drawback with this machine is that suction may damage (as per the off hand information by some surgeons) the follicular unit grafts.
  • Poor result shared by some doctors

Robotic System

This is a technique developed by Restoration Robotics San Jose CA. A robotic system ARTAS has been developed to operate under physician control. It use digital video guided microscope and follicular unit identification system with two step punch device with a precision of 0.014mm. Since the robot is doing the work, the surgeon fatigue is very less. It is very expensive and has limited availability in the world.

Having discussed all the techniques, the author feels it is the hand of the placer which do the best job and they should be well trained to give the best results.


1.Harris J. Conventional FUE in hair transplantation. In: Unger W Shapiro R, Unger R et al, editors. Hair transplantation. 5th edition. London: Informa healthcare:2011.p-291-6


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This article contains Information for common man regarding betamethasone and is not a substitute for a medical professional

What is in this leaflet

This leaflet answers some general information about Betamethasone.

It does not contain all the available information.

Introduction Betamethasone is a steroid, which acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. It can be given orally, by injection or by inhalation and can be applied to skin directly.  It has very high potency. When used under your doctor supervision, it can save patient from various skin problems.


  • 9 Fluro-16beta-methylprednisolone
  • Molecular Formula-  C22H29FO5
  • Generic Name – Betamethasone


Betamethasone is glucocorticoid receptor agonist. It leads to control the rate of protein synthesis, depresses the migration of polymorphonuclear leucocytes & fibroblasts; reverses capillary permeability and helps in…. lysosomal stabilization at the cellular level to prevent and control the inflammation. When taken orally, half life of the drug is 6.5 hrs; it is metabolized by the liver and excreted through urine.  


  1. Betamethasone is used on the skin to relieve the redness, swelling, itching and discomfort of many skin problems such as: psoriasis eczema and various types of dermatitis.
  2. Betamethasone Lotion is also used on the scalp and hairy parts of the body.
  3. It is also used in various type of auto immune disorder as well as various type of malignancy.

Your doctor may have prescribed Betamethasone forother reasons also.


There are various alternatives available

  • Mometosone
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Halobetasol
  • Halcinonide
  • Fluticasone
  • Clobestol
  • Desonide

SIDE EFFECTS Side effects, though rare, can happen.  Betamethasone topical medicine can be absorbed through the skin, which may cause steroid side effects throughout the body. If you have any of the following symptoms, stop using the medicine and call your doctor

  • Blurred vision, or seeing halos around lights
  • Slow or increased heartbeats
  • Disturbance in sleeping (Insomnia)
  • Increase in body weight, Swollen face
  • Lethargy, abdominal pain, headache orseizures

Common side effects may include:

  • Stinging, burning, or itching of treated skin
  • Dryness of the skin, irritation, or  discoloration of skin
  • Rashes on the skin and Acne
  • Lightening of the skin tone
  • Folliculitis (Dry crust around the hair follicle)

Also stop using betamethasone topical and consult your doctor If you have:

  • Severe skin itching or redness or pain where the medicine was applied

Long term use of over dosage of betamethasone is not expected to produce life threatening symptoms. However, prolong useof this highly potent steroid can lead to symptoms such as skin thinning, bruising, redistribution of body fat (especially in your face, neck, back, and waist), flaring of acne or hair on face, irregular menstruation, impotent, or loss of interest in libido,etc.

Betamethasone and Alcohol

Both alcohol and betamethasone topical can dry the skin, and the combination may dry the skin even more. Drinking alcohol should be avoided while taking betamethasone in any form.


Do not use Betamethasone if you have had an allergic reaction, such as wheezing, rash or hives, to betamethasone

Also do not use betamethasone if you have:

  • A viral skin infection, such as cold sores,
  • The fungal skin infection, such as tinea or ringworm, thrush
  • Tuberculosis of the skin
  • Acne rosacea
  • Inflammation around the mouth
  • Skin conditions with ulcers
  • Untreated serious infection

You need to see your physician to be sure that you do not have any of these conditions.

Do not use betamethasone just before having a bath, shower or going swimming.

If you do, you may reduce the effectiveness of betamethasone.

Do not use Betamethasone after the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack has passed.


  1. Diprovate (Crossland)
  2. Betafoam (Cipla)
  3. Lupiderm (Lupin)
  4. Betagel (Micro labs)
  5. Betnovate (Glaxo Smithkline)

COMBINATION WITH OTHER DRUGS Betamethasone with Salisylic acid

  1. Dipsalic (Fulford)
  2. Diprovate MF (Crossland)

Betamethasone with Antibiotics

  1. Betnovate N (Glaxo Smithkline)
  2. Betagel G (Micro Lab Gratia)
  3. Betenderm N (Cipla)

Betamethasone with Antifungal Agent and Antibiotics

  1. Betenederm GM (Cipla)
  2. Betnovate GM (Glaxo Smithkline)
  3. Cortec Plus (Torrent)

Betamethasone Dosage
Betamethasone is used in both topical and systemic forms which are as follows:

Topical : base

  1. Cream as valerate: Generic:0.1% (15g, 45g )
  2. Gel as dipropionate augumented : Generic: 0.05% (15gm, 50g)
  3. Lotion as dipropionate: 0.05% (60ml)
  4. Ointment as dipropionate: 0.05% (15g, 45g)


Oral: Celestone: 0.6mg/5ml

Suspension, Injection: Celestonesolution : Betamethasone sodium phosphate 3mg and betamethasone phosphate 3mg and betamethasone acetate 3mg/1ml (5ml).


Brand Name Route of Administration Dosage
Diprosalic (Ointment) Topical




Betnovate( Lotion) Topical 30ml
Lotriderm (Cream) Topical 30g
Celestone (Injection) Intra muscular 0.2ml per square cm
Betnelan  drops Oral .6mg/5ml

Betamethasone topical comes in a 0.05 percent ointment or lotion.

Whenever betamethasone is applied topically on any body part, it should be exposed to the air. Do not cover it with bandage. Do not apply the cream on face, underarms, and groins.  Please consult your doctor before applying cream to above mentioned areas. Do not apply more than 50gm in a week. Stop the betamethasone when the existing skin condition subsided.


Question 1: What is betamethasone cream?

Ans:  It is an anti inflammatory cream which can be used on skin only (Topical use).

Question 2: What should I tell my doctor before using betamethasone cream?

Answer: It is important to tell your doctor about your general well being before any medication, especially if you are suffering from diabetes mellitus, hypertension or any other skin condition. Also, tell your doctor about your medicine which you are taking for long term diseases like blood pressure or diabetes mellitus or any herbal medicines, vitamins, energy drinks or body enhancing supplements.

Question: How should I use betamethasone cream?

Answer:  Use betamethasone as your doctor tells you to use it. Apply a thin film of cream twice or thrice a day or as directed by your doctor. If you are more than 18 years old, don’t use more than 90-100gm/ week……previously  it was written 50 gm per week

Question: What should I avoid while using betamethasone ?

Ans: Don’t expose the affected part to sun after applying the medication. Avoid hot and humid area like tanning booths.

Question: What would happen if I miss my dosage?

Answer: Apply the missed dose as soon as you remember. You should not take the missed dose if it is time for your next dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.  

Que: How should I store betamethasone cream?

Ans:  Store the drug around 25 degrees or 77 degree Fahrenheit but do not refrigerate. As a rule, keep away all the medication away from children. Discard the unused cream six months after it has been opened.


The above information is not complete. All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor will weigh the risks of your using Betamethasone against the benefits it is expected to have for you. So, it will be in your best interest to take this medicine under medical supervision only.


1.Essentials of Medical Pharmacology by Dr K.D TripathiPublisher: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers; Eighth edition (2018)
2.      Betamethasone.Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2006-.
3.      Betamethasone, Topical. Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2006-.

4.      Role of betamethasone valerate 2.250 mg medicated plaster in the treatment of psoriasis and other dermatological pathologies: a review. Drugs Context. 2018 Aug 20;7:212539. doi: 10.7573/dic.212539. eCollection 2018.

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While most people might think that bunny lines sound cute, the fact of the matter is that bunny lines can be source of woe for many people. For years, laugh lines and crow’s feet were what troubled most people, particularly women, its bunny lines these days that are causing sleepless nights for many. This article aims at clearing all important questions related to bunny lines.

What are bunny lines?

Have you ever noticed those fine lines that appear when your nose gets all scrunched up, because of a laugh or a deep smile? These are the lines that are known as bunny lines and while these are normally age associated, these could also be tell-tale signs that you have had Botox injections in the past. However, the most basic reason for bunny lines is when certain muscles of the face are used too much. Bunny lines can appear either in a straight-ish line or could be diagonal on either side of the nose and when age starts to catch up the lines will start to become more prominent. If you want to identify bunny lines on your face, all you need to do is look at yourself in the mirror and scrunch up your nose and then relax your face. If you are seeing lines along your nose, especially between the bridge of the nose and the inside of the eye, then you have bunny lines.

What causes bunny lines?

There is no category of people who will most certainly get bunny lines, because anyone can get them – they are after all, they are like any expression lines. If you are someone who constantly crinkles their nose, then you could be more prone to bunny lines. There are two main reasons that can lead to bunny lines:

  • Age – We human beings are generally expressive people and we express a lot using our face. When we are young, our skin is extremely firm and elastic, which means that our skin is able to bounce back without any problems. However, when age starts to catch up, skin starts to lose its elasticity, which means that it is not able to come back to its normal shape. This is when wrinkles and fine lines start to appear. You will notice these lines all the more prominently, where your face changes most often. So, the area around the lips, the region around the eyes and the area around the nose, will be the most affected.
  • Botox – When you get Botox injections, they are relaxing certain muscles of your face, but when these muscles relax, there are certain other muscles that have work a lot more. So, for instance, if you had Botox in the area between your eyebrows, the muscles near the nose will have to work overtime to compensation for those muscles. Over time, this will start to become obvious, because your expressions will start to change, without you intending to do so. In the hands of an experienced doctor, this should not happen, because they will tell you when to stop the Botox injections.

How can one get rid of bunny lines?

It is important to remember that bunny lines are not like normal wrinkles, which means that those over the counter creams that might be working on the rest of your face, might not work for these lines. This is because, people will not stop making the expressions they always make, which means that the lines will keep forming, rendering the cream pretty much useless. What is interesting to note is that one of the causes for these bunny lines is also the cure – Botox. When Botox is injected into either side of the nose, they should help reduce the lines. As a matter of fact, if bunny lines are treated properly and on time, they should become close to invisible. However, if the injections are not done properly, they could lead to drooping around the mouth. Many doctors will treat bunny lines at the same time as they are treating brow lines, because it is easier. In case you are worried about how more Botox could damage your face, you could talk to your doctor and ask for alternatives. Because the area covered by bunny lines is extremely small, you do not need a very strong agent and a milder injectable might be more than enough.

How can Botox help treat bunny lines?

Although Botox might be the causative agent for the bunny lines in the first place, chances are the best way to tackle them is also Botox. Botox has been approved for usage since the late 1980s, when it won sanction from FDA. Initially, it was used to treat conditions such as blepharospasm or uncontrollable blinking and strabismus or lazy eye, it was in the early 2000s that it won approval to be used as a method of treatment for fine lines and wrinkles. The manner in which Botox works is that it relaxes the muscles and the signal between the nerve and the muscle is reduced, leading to the non-contraction of the muscles. As a result of this, the wrinkle or fine lines becomes a little softer and less visible.

How is Botox used to treat bunny lines?

Botox is nothing more than just a series of injections – the area that needs to be treated is identified and the injections are administered there. In most cases, no anaesthesia is required and the procedure does not take more than a few minutes. However, there could be a little discomfort from when the fine needle is being inserted into the muscles. When Botox has been administered in the right dose and in the proper manner, there is no reason why anyone should be able to identify that you have had Botox.

With the help of a microneedle, anywhere between one to three doses will be administered and each will happen one after the other. In most cases, there is only a stinging or burning sensation, but the pain is minimal, because of the size of the needle. There could be needle marks or redness, but this is normal and should subside within a few hours. For most people, the results will become visible in about two to three days, but for some people, it could take up to five. If you want to maintain the results, then you will have to go in for repeat injections, the course for which can be decided by your doctor.

Can bunny lines be prevented?

Aging is natural and with aging, your skin will also start to show the impact, which means that fine lines such as bunny lines will appear over time. However, if you take care of your skin in your youth, you should be able to keep such fine lines away for a little longer. Make sure that you eat healthy, drink plenty of water and invest in good skin care products. When the first signs of aging start to appear, pick up good anti-ageing creams and use them well. And there is a reason many people call a good night’s sleep, their beauty sleep, because this is the time, when the skin is able to repair and rejuvenate itself.

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What is DHT?

DHT or dihydrotestosterone is an androgen male hormone which plays a vital role in the male development and is responsible for the many characteristics in male body development including chest hair, deep voice and muscular body. Women also produces DHT but in very less amount. DHT is produced in the body when hormone testosterone is converted into the dihydrotestosterone through the enzymatic action of 5-alpha reductase.

Conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone

What converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT)?

The androgen hormone which is secreted in the body is testosterone but in order to be carried out to tissue such as that in the brain or the skin, hormone testosterone bonds with the enzyme 5-alpha reductase to produce dihydrotestosterone. DHT can be influenced by the both external and internal factors which contributes to the increase in the hormonal levels in the body. For example, some say that stress causes hair loss but indirectly. Stress causes the release of cortisol hormone in bulk which further increases the adrenaline testosterone and dihydrotestosterone.Men with an enlarged prostate will also have increased DHT levels and there’s even a theory that the mechanism behind male pattern baldness is the body’s way to protect men from prostate cancer.

How DHT causes Hair Loss?

The role of DHT in hair loss is that DHT binds to the androgen receptors present on the hair follicles. Binding of DHT to hair follicles causes the alteration in the hair growth cycle and results in the hair miniaturization. It is known that DHT binds to follicle receptors five times more avidly than testosterone.

How DHT attack hair follicles

DHT hair loss in men is of male pattern baldness and causes hair loss or hair thinning along the hairline, temple and crown region. Eventually this type of hair loss spreads, resulting in a horseshoe-shaped ring of hair around the bottom of the scalp.

Foods that act as Natural DHT blockers for hair

DHT hair loss in women is different from DHT hair loss in men and it results in the overall thinning of the hair, widening center or side part, thinner pony tail etc. Here are the list few foods that act as best dht blocker food:

Natural DHT Blockers

1) Berries: Blue Berries are rich in vitamin C.

  • Vitamin C is essential for the circulation to the scalp so that there is adequate blood nutrient supply to the hair follicles.
  • Berries also contain flavanoids which increases the blood circulation in the scalp.
  • Proanthocyanidins, in blueberries, stimulate hair growth by accelerating the transition from telogen to anagen

So go for the sweeter way to support your hair and make them strong & beautiful.

2) Avocado: Avocados are one of the biggest natural DHT blockers.

  • They are rich in proteins, amino acids, magnesium, folic acid, copper and iron.
  • All are necessary for proper hair growth.
  • Oils in the avocado penetrate into the cuticle and help to moisturize the hair.
  • Phytosterols & high levels of antioxidants stimulate the hair growth & unclog the blocked pores.

Bring shine & luster to your hair by mashing Avocado to your palette…

3) Almonds:Crunchy nuts are full of protein and are brilliant source of biotin. Almonds are also known as “Hair vitamin”.

  • Almonds help in strengthening of your hair follicles.
  • Hair follicles often become weak, dull and with excessive oil and pollution, you can see dandruff flakes on your scalp.
  • Vitamin E in almond helps to condition the hair follicles.

So just eat a handful of soaked almonds in the morning and be beautiful with long, shiny & healthy hair.

4) Tomato: Lycopene in tomato inhibits the DHT by regulating or inhibiting 5 alpha reductase.

  • Antioxidants in tomatoes help to fight cells causing damage the hair follicles and causes hair fall.
  • Beta-carotene helps to supply nutrients to the scalp for hair growth.

Tomatoes can be easily included into diet in form of salads, sauce, and pastes or added to any your favorite dish.

5) Eggs: Eggs are rich in Biotin.

  • Egg white contains avidin (protein) that binds to biotin.
  • Eggs contain cysteine, a key amino acid for hair growth & found in hair keratin.
  • Boiled or cooked eggs act more as DHT blocker than raw ones.

Just like boiled egg having bounce, add volume & bounce to your hair easily by eating eggs daily!!

6) Pumpkin Seeds: Little munchkin pumpkin seeds contains number of essential minerals including zinc, magnesium, iron etc.

Pumpkin Seeds
  • These minuscule seeds contain a unique amino acid cucurbitin, that helps in hair growth.
  • L-lysine, iron and omega 3 fatty acids (Linoleic acid and Oleic acid) improves hair growth,quality & texture.

A handful of tiny pumpkin seed is enough for you at anytime. You can toss them into your favorite salad too!!!

7) Walnuts: Walnuts contain L-lysine which is a natural DHT inhibitor.

  • Walnuts are high in protein.
  • Best source of vitamin E (gamma tocopherol), promotes hair growth.
  • Contains rare anti-inflammatory nutrients such as Tannins which combat hair loss.

You can incorporate more walnuts to your diet. Consuming direct nuts can be the best way. But if you don’t like the rancid smell of nuts, you can make salad with your own favorite fruits.

8) Banana: They are also rich in Biotin, which prevents the conversion of testosterone to DHT.

  • Bananas are good source of potassium which help to maintain the circulatory system to work properly so that there will be adequate nutrient supply to the hair follicles.
  • Bananas also contain FOS (fructo-oligosaccharides) that help to maintain the healthy gut bacteria (R). Healthy gut will reduce the overproduction of DHT.

Make your hair soft and silky by snipping banana daily…

9) White Mushroom:

White Mushroom
  • White mushrooms are also abundant in zinc, which blocks DHT production in the body.
  • It also contains high sources of vitamin D and pantothenic acid, all vital for growing thick hair on the scalp.

Your hair must grow like a tree long, thick & mushrooms can help you in this…so eat as much as you can!!!

10) Carrots: Regularly use of carrot can make your hair lustrous, silky & smooth.

  • Carrots are rich in beta carotenes, vitamin A, C, E, K, potassium & fiber.
  • Carrots stimulate the hair growth and texture.
  • They also prevent hair breakage and hair fall.
  • Carrots protect your hair from external damages like pollution, weather etc.

You can munch carrot a day or slurp carrot juice daily for beautiful long and healthy hair.

11) Green Tea:

Green Tea
  • Green Tea contains vitamin B (panthenol) which is mainly used in hair conditioners.
  • Green tea is rich in antioxidants EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) which stimulates the hair growth (R).
  • Polyphenolic compounds or catechins are antioxidants which protects your hair from external as well as internal damage.

So sip little cup of green tea daily to make your hair long & healthy…

12) Watermelon:

  • Watermelon contains lycopene, whichblocks DHT.
  • Watermelon is a rich source of vitamin C, B12 & B6.
  • They help in hair growth & citrulline helps to eliminate the excess DHT from the body.

You are one in “MELON” (million), so don’t let the charm fade away,,, Eat watermelon all the day!!!

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What is Dutasteride?

Dutasteride is a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor drug similar to the finasteride. Dutasteride or Avodart is a dual inhibitor of both type I & type II 5-alpha-reductases. It inhibits the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone which is a key mediator of male pattern hair loss. Dutasteride is commercially available as ‘Avodart’ and is manufactured by the Glaxo-Smith-Kline Pharmaceuticals.

Originally dutasteride 0.5mg or Avodart 0.5mg is approved for the treatment of the BPH (symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia. Dutasteride is not approved by FDA for hair loss but it is available as ‘off-label’ hair loss treatment for men at a dose of 0.5mg. However, Dutasteride is approved for hair loss in South Korea after clinical trials on Korean population. It is also approved in US, Japan and is not approved in Europe yet.

Why Dutasteride for hair loss should be used?

Scientific researchers have discovered that men who are suffering from either male pattern hair loss or benign prostatic hyperplasia, have an increased level of the DHT (dihydrotestosterone) in their body. The hormone testosterone is converted into the dihydrotestosterone after the enzymatic action of 5-alpha reductase. DHT causes the hair follicles to shrink resulting in hair fall. Dutasteride acts on the DHT hormone and promotes the hair growth by increasing the number of hair follicles.

How Dutasteride stops hair loss?

Dutasteride is the first dual inhibitor of the reductase enzymes. Its dual mechanism of action results in the DHT synthesis and catalytic activity of 5-alpha reductase type 1&2 enzymes. This dual action leads to the complete suppression of the serum DHT levels more than 90%. When this transmission of DHT to the hair follicles is stopped, then there is no miniaturization of the hair follicles. When there is no transmission of the DHT to the hair follicles, this results in the elongated anagen phase (growing phase) and faster hair growth.

Dutasteride Vs. Finasteride

Both Finasteride & Dutasteride are 5 alpha reductase inhibitors but dutasteride reduces the larger amount of dihydrotestosterone levels than finasteride. Less DHT levels mean more chances of reduction in hair loss but the reduction in the DHT levels can cause other hormonal imbalances or physiological changes in the body. Unlike finasteride, dutasteride prevents both types of 5 alpha reductase enzymes from undergoing a metabolic process. Finasteride is an old drug used for the treatment of male pattern baldness while dutasteride is relatively a new drug for hair loss and is still under clinical trials.

Comparison of Dutasteride and Finasteride

Features Dutasteride Finasteride
Primary use Treatment of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) Treatment of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)
Secondary use Hair loss or Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) Hair loss or Male Pattern Baldness (MPB)
Is a generic version available? Yes Yes
Available Form Capsule Tablet
Strength 0.5mg 5mg/1mg
FDA approved No Yes
Administration Oral Oral
How often should it take? Once daily Once daily
Dosage Period Long-term Long-term

Clinical Trials on Dutasteride:

Dutasteride resulted in scalp and serum dihydrotestosterone levels to decrease but increases the testosterone levels in a dose dependent manner. Dutasteride can decreases serum DHT levels by more than 90% whereas finasteride can decreases serum DHT levels by 70%.

Medical Uses of Dutasteride:

  • Prostate enlargement: Dutasteride is primarily used for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or also known as an “enlarged prostate”. Dutasteride has an approval from Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the U.S. for the treatment of BPH.
  • Prostate cancer: According to a clinical review in 2010, a 25–26% reduction has been noticed in the risk of developing prostate cancer with 5α-reductase inhibitor chemoprevention.  Although there is insufficient data to determine if they have an effect on the overall risk of death from prostate cancer.
  • Scalp hair loss: In Japan and South Korea, Dutasteride has been approved for the treatment of male androgenetic alopecia (R). Dutasteride has also been used off-label for the treatment of female pattern hair loss.
  • Transgender women: Dutasteride is also used sometimes as one of the component of hormone therapy in transgender women. It is given in combination with an estrogen or other anti-androgens like spironolactone. It may also be used for treating the scalp hair loss or in people who can’t tolerate spironolactone.

Dosage of Dutasteride:

The off-label recommended dosage of dutasteride for hair loss if 0.5mg  per day. It has been clinically proven in some trials that dutasteride 0.5mg per day improves more hair growth in men to a greater extent than finasteride at 2.5mg per day.

Missed  Dosage:

If you miss dose of dutasteride, then no need to worry. You can skip this dosage and continue to your next dosage as recommended by the doctor. Do not take excessive dosage or double dose of dutasteride to balance your missed dose.

Overdose of Dutasteride:

In case of over dosage of dutasteride, if you start feeling any discomfort or side effects, talk to your doctor or rush to the clinic immediately.

Dutasteride Side Effects:

The side effects of dutasteride is similar to the finasteride. Dutasteride, oral 5-alpha reductase inhibitor do not reduces the DHT levels in the target area only as they reduces DHT levels systematically. It reduces the hormone levels where DHT expression is observed.

  • As finasteride inhibits the DHT, ratio of estrogen to androgen alters which can increase the risk of gynecomastia in males.
  • Impotence
  • Adverse effects include headache and gastrointestinal discomfort
  • The FDA has added a warning to dutasteride about an increased risk of high-grade prostate cancer. But there is no positive, negative or neutral changes to the potential risk of developing prostate cancer with dutasteride has been established till now.

Interactions of Dutasteride:

5 alpha-reductase inhibitors like Dutasteride, can also stop the formation of the neurosteroid metabolites like allopregnanolone from progesterone. As a result of which it may reduce or even block the sedative, anticonvulsant, anxiolytic and different other effects of progesterone, particularly in the case of oral progesterone.

Contraindications of Dutasteride:

Women who are pregnant or are planning of pregnancy, should not take dutasteride. Dutasteride can result in birth defects, specifically ambiguous genitalia and under-masculinization, in male fetuses. This is because of its anti-androgenic activity and is mostly observed in the case of 5 alpha-reductase deficiency. If you are taking dutasteride, do not donate the blood at least for 6 months after your treatment has stopped. In the case of children or other people having hypersensitivity like serious skin reactions or angioedema, to dutasteride, should not take it.

Anatomy and Structure of Dutasteride:

Dutasteride is a synthetically derived androstane steroid and a 4-azasteroid. It is chemically known as N- [2,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-oxo-4-aza-5α-androst-1-ene-17β-carboxamide. It is an analogue of finasteride in which the tert-butyl amide moiety has been replaced with a 2,5-bis(tri-fluoromethyl)phenyl group.

Clinical Data:

Dutasteride is a white to pale yellow powder with a melting point of 242° to 250°C. It is soluble in ethanol (44 mg/ml), methanol (64 mg/ml), and polyethylene glycol 400 (3 mg/ml), but it is insoluble in water.

Clinical data Legal status Pharmacokinetic data Chemical &physical data
Trade namesAvodart, others; Combodart, Duodart (with tamsulosin) UK: POM

(Prescription only)


Bioavailability – 60% Formula  C27H30F6N2O2
X (will cause birth defects). Not to be used in pregnancy
US: ℞-only Protein Binding – 99%
Metabolism: Liver
Metabolites: 4’Hydroxydutasteride
(All three active)
Molar mass 528.54 g·mol−1
Routes of administrationBy mouth Elimination Half Life: 4-5 weeks
ATC codeG04CB02  Excretion – Feces: 40% (metabolites) Urine: 5% (unchanged)


Dutasteride is chemically similar to Finasteride, the active compound in Propecia. It inhibits the conversion of testosterone into DHT by blocking the enzyme, 5-alpha reductase. There are 2 forms of 5-alpha reductase, type 1 and type 2 and dutasteride blocks both of these isoenzymes, where Finasteride blocks mainly the type 2 isoenzyme.

In some clinical trials, dutasteride at dose of 0.5mg has shown significantly more hair growth than finasteride at 2.5mg or 5mg.

NO. Dutasteride is not approved by FDA for hair loss.

According to clinical trials, it is generally well tolerated. Most side effects were mild, and generally went away while on treatment in both the Dutasteride and placebo groups.
Drug-related side effects during the first six months were as follows:

  • Impotence
  • Decreased libido
  • Breast tenderness and breast enlargement (gynecomastia)
  • Ejaculation disorders

DHT or dihydrotestosterone is a male hormone which is responsible for the male pattern hair loss. DHT causes;

  • Shortening of the growth phase of the hair cycle
  • Progressive miniaturization of hair follicles
  • Decreasing number of visible hairs

The recommended dose of dutasteride is 0.5 mg once daily. Do not chew the medication and do not administer to pediatric patients.

Dutasteride is not recommended to pregnant females because it can cause birth defects in the unborn child. Whereas, it is not known whether dutasteride enters breast milk.

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Are you one of those people who want clear, healthy and glowing skin but afraid of wading through hundreds of chemically laden products to get that glimpse? As we age, our skin starts losing its natural glow and elasticity which in turns causes visible signs of ageing. And during these days, when pollution and UVA & UVB rays are at their peak, our skin becomes more prone to aging. However, when our skin is in a good clause, it involuntarily protects our body from the damage through its natural defense mechanism. But due to the unbalanced lifestyle, we are following, sometimes our body fails to cope up with these factors. There is a number of factors which affects our skin’s condition that how it looks and also these factors speed up the natural aging process.

Internal Factors

  • Genetics
  • Hormones
  • Metabolic Process
  • Skin’s Microflora

External Factors

  • UV Exposure
  • Photoging
  • Industrial Exhaust/Pollution
  • PCP (Personal Care Products)
  • Diet

These factors cause the formation of oxidative stress which in turn generates Free Radicals which are the main cause of accelerated aging.

Internal factors affecting skin

  1. Genetics: Your genetic makeup determines your skin type whether you have oily, dry, normal or a skin with a combination. Genetic alterations cause the ‘Biological Aging’ which is different from ‘Premature Aging’. Premature Aging is caused by the external factors. Genetic alterations causes the decline in regeneration & renewal of skin cells, reduced secretions of sebaceous glands, less collagen & elastin production which results in the saggy skin.
  2. Hormones: Hormones play a great role in the healthy body and have a significant impact on our skin. Changes in the hormone levels can hit you hard in your puberty and can trigger the acne. Even during pregnancy, hormones increase the production of melanin resulting in Melasma. When there is a low level of estrogen in the body, then there is a fast process of biological aging as estrogen helps to balance the moisture level in the skin.
  3. Metabolic Process: When our body has an active metabolism, it functions efficiently and skin cells communicate well with each other resulting in the perfect structural organization of the skin. The metabolic rate of skin ensures the self-exfoliation of the cells which can result in partly repaired UV damage. When this metabolism rate is slow down, then there is degeneration of the connective tissues and skin starts losing its firmness and binding capacity resulting in visible aging signs.
  4. Skin’s Micro flora: Human skin is the milieu of numerous single cell organisms and hosts approximately 500 species of micro-organisms especially bacteria. The beauty of our skin is intimately linked to the balance of the micro-organisms. There are good bacteria in the body whereas there are also bad bacteria in the body which can cause various skin problems. When the bacterial ecosystem is balanced & differentiated in the body, our skin remains healthy.

External factors affecting skin:

  • UV Exposure & Photo-aging: Vitamin D is important for health but that too in moderate amount. Excess of everything is bad. Similar is the case with the sun. Excessive sun rays can harm your skin. UVB rays cause sun burn whereas UVA rays cause damage to the DNA. All UVA, UVB & High energy visible light (HEV light) causes the premature aging, hyper-pigmentation, age spots and even accelerates the aging process.
  • Pollution/Industrial Exhaust: Our environment contains many pollutants that put our skin’s natural protective layer at the risk which results in visible aging signs. Some of these pollutants are so minute that they penetrate through the skin and causes breakdown of collagen levels and loss of elasticity and firmness in the skin.
  • Smoking: Smoking is the major cause of wrinkles formation. Chain smoking can cause narrowing of the blood vessels which decreases the blood flow and decreased oxygen levels in the body. Smoke also damages the collagen & elastin, the structural fibers that provide the skin with its strength & elasticity.
  • Diet: A balanced diet not only helps to keep the body healthy, it also keeps our skin in a firm state. If we consume a diet containing more fats & oils, there is more generation of the free radicals in the body which causes various skin problems like acne, dark spots and other aging signs.
  • PCP (Personal Care Products): Our skin is mildly acidic in nature. When we use skin products which are aggressive in nature, they disrupt the body’s natural pH and causes structural damage to the epidermal layer of the skin. As a result of which our skin becomes more prone to external damage leading to faster aging.

Here comes the skin protectors- ANTIOXIDANTS. Give a protective shield of antioxidants to your skin and keep your aging signs at a bay.

What are Antioxidants?

In the world of skin care, the words ‘Antioxidants’ and ‘Free radicals’ are tossed a lot. The word antioxidant originally comes from the word anti-oxidation. Antioxidants are naturally occurring substances that give protection to the skin against the damage caused by free radicals. Antioxidants in skin care products help a lot to improve the appearance of the skin. From soothing the inflamed skin to tighten & toned, antioxidants offer the great benefits from the natural sources.

How antioxidants protect skin?

Antioxidants are also known as skin saviors. Antioxidants absorb the free radicals & help to stop the negative spill of damage caused by the molecules. Antioxidants also help to ward off infections & helps to prevent acne breakouts. Antioxidants for skin care creates a protective shield that acts as a sponge and creates a goopy gel matrix to absorb the free radicals. Thus, makes the skin free from oxidative stress and you can enjoy wrinkles free, acne free clear skin.

Antioxidants for skin benefits:

  • Antioxidants for skin aging help to correct the signs of aging caused by oxidative stress & free radicals.
  • Antioxidants prevent the skin from sunburn. Antioxidants blunt the skin’s natural inflammatory response which provides protection against UV damage & photo-aging.
  • Antioxidants stimulate the collagen production in the body which enhances the self- repair mechanism of the body.
  • Antioxidants help to brighten the skin tone. Some of the antioxidants work as tyrosinase inhibitor which is the main reason for skin discoloration or dark skin.
  • Antioxidants help to firm the skin by evenly moisturize it. They accelerate the process of cell renewal and regeneration which results in healthy skin.

Best Antioxidants For Skin:

There are number of antioxidants available in the cosmetic formulations which are available over the counter (OTC). Some are present in the form of vitamins and minerals while others are in the form of obscure compounds. They also contain agents that act as antioxidants for skin whitening

Foods Rich In Antioxidants:

There are number of natural sources of food which acts as best antioxidant foods for skin. These foods contain natural components that acts as best antioxidant for skin acne.

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If you are an outdoor lover, then summer is the best season to spend time outside. But being an al fresco and spending too much time in the sun can bring a lot of skin issues and the most common skin condition that occurs is ‘Sun Spots’. These sun spots can look like freckles, dark spots or brown spots and surely these sun spots on face can look dreadful. However, it is possible to cover these spots with makeup by applying a full coverage foundation or base. But if you are not fond of applying make-up everyday on your face, then covering these sun spots can be really difficult for you and trust me these tiny spots can ruin your look. Well, if there is a problem, there is always a solution to that problem. Doesn’t matter where you stand on the spectrum of UV induced damage, taking action can protect your skin and your future exposure to the sun too. Before getting into the treatments of sun spots, let’s have a sneaky look at what are these sun spots and how they occur.

What are Sun Spots?

Sun spots are also known as liver spots, brown spots, dark spots or solar lentigo. These sun spots usually look like freckles but tend to be little bigger in size. These spots are harmless and do not cause any serious skin problem. These sun spots are sometimes slightly raised or even little bumpy and sometimes they are just flat.

How Sun Spots Occur On Skin?

These sun spots on skin occur due to the focal increase of melanin (which is a skin pigment) in the skin just because of excessive UV exposure of your skin. Due to the exposure to sun, the body starts producing excessive pigment imparting cells i.e. melanocytes. These melanocytes are responsible for the dark color of the skin and they create a single spot instead of a uniform spreading of pigment across your skin surface. This is the basic defense mechanism of the body from the harmful UV rays.

Area of Sun Spots Occurrence:

  • Around lips
  • Nose
  • Forehead
  • Hands
  • Shoulder
  • Arms

Who is At Risk Of Developing Sun Spots?

  1. If you have a fair complexion, then you are more prone to these sun spots
  2. If you are allergic or more sensitive to the UV rays, then there are more chances that you will get these sun spots.
  3. If your body has increased concentration of the melanin, then you are prone to the sun spots.
  4. If you have severe sun burn to tanned skin, then chances are these can turn into sun spots.
  5. if you are aging or have any genetic or vitamin deficiencies, you will get sun spots.
  6. If you are pregnant, living a stressful life or have poor functioning of the liver, there can be sun spot formation.
  7. If you have premature aging, then excessive exposure to the UV rays can burn your skin and can cause sun spots.

Ways to prevent Sun Spots:

Most of the people have a concern that how to prevent summer spots or freckles which are common in summer. It becomes a challenge for people to maintain their even skin tone and they are constantly looking for the ways to treat sun spots or summer spots. Following are the few tips to avoid sun spots and will also help your skin from excessive exposure of the sun.

  • Slather on A High SPF: Sun can be a foe to you in summer, so provide a screen with a high SPF sunscreen to your skin. Apply sunscreen at least 15-20 minutes prior to the UV exposure. Sunscreen forms a protective barrier between your skin and harmful UV rays.

  • Natural Skin Brightener: There are various skin brightening agents which you can use to reduce dark spots on the skin. These skin brightening agents containing vitamins for glowing and clear skin. Vitamins like vitamin C act as a bleaching agent and help to remove dark spots from the face.
  • Exfoliate: Do not lessen the use of exfoliator in summer. You can easily manage your skin discoloration with the help of exfoliation. Exfoliation with a gentle scrub can help to remove the dead skin cells and these sun spots will eventually fade away.
  • Use Products Containing Retinol: Retinol or vitamin A helps in the skin resurfacing. The use of retinol containing products will help to remove these pigmented spots and will keep the melanin content in control.
  • Diet Full of Antioxidants: Antioxidants speed up the body’s natural defense mechanism. Try to intake more foods or supplements containing antioxidants which will help to remove these sun spots from face.

Natural Treatments for Sun Spots:

The world is full of ancient plants and herbs and their use in home remedies for sun spots is what everyone is seeking for. There are various natural remedies for dark spots which can be used to reduce the appearance of dark

Aloe vera

  • Aloe vera has the natural healing properties and have been used to treat sun burns.
  • It will moisturize your skin and will lighten your sun spots.
  • You can directly apply the aloe vera gel on these spots.


  • Buttermilk contains the lactic acid which helps in exfoliation of the skin.
  • It helps to lighten your sun spots & dark spots.
  • You can directly apply the buttermilk with cotton on spots.

Lemon juice

  • Buttermilk contains the lactic acid which helps in exfoliation of the skin.
  • It helps to lighten your sun spots & dark spots.
  • You can directly apply the buttermilk with cotton on spots.


  • Cucumber is known for its skin repairing & moisturizing properties.
  • It also helps to lighten your sun spots.
  • You can directly place the cucumber slices on dark spots.


  • Tomato is rich in enzymes & antioxidants. It act as a bleaching agent also.
  • It helps to repair and lighten your sun spots.
  • You can apply a mask or directly rub on your dark spots.

Skin Treatments For Sun Spots:

In case these remedies do not work for you, then seek a dermatologist immediately. If you want to get rid of sun spots, then there are various treatments to reduce the dark spots which will give you a clear, glowing and flawless skin.

  • Chemical Peels For Spots: Chemical peels for sun spots help to remove the dark spots and also improves the appearance of the facial skin. Chemical peels smoothen the skin texture through the controlled destruction of the epidermal layer of skin which results in the fresher and healthier looking skin. It also boosts the collagen production and cell regeneration resulting in clear skin.
  • Laser Skin Resurfacing Treatment: In laser treatment for marks, tiny dots of laser beam penetrate deep into the dermal layer or in the scar which pushes out the dead skin cells. In laser treatment, heat is generated that stimulates the collagen production and results in the regeneration of the new skin cells. The dead cells causing scar will be replaced by the new cells leaving the clear skin behind.
  • Microdermabrasion: In microdermabrasion, micro-crystals are used. These micro-crystals act as a scrubber and help in the exfoliation of the dead skin cells. These crystals scrub away the outer layer of the skin revealing new and clear skin.
  • Laser Photo Facial: In laser photo facial for sun spots, shots of light is transmitted to the skin which penetrates deep into the skin which disperses the brown spots and also boosts the collagen production in the body resulting in new skin cell formation and clear skin.

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Restore Your Younger Looks In Just 3 Steps With Revolutionary ULTRAcel Device

Have you ever noticed that with age, how our face starts forming a flipping triangle of 180º from our younger days? Losing our fresh bloom of youthful days can be stressful as we can’t stop it and even if we learn to feint our age, our skin will still give it away. The fine lines, wrinkles, dark spots and saggy skin are all the telltale of the aging signs. As we know aging is a natural process and everyone ages differently, but one thing that everyone wishes is to age with a poise and with grace. Thanks to the advanced technology of cosmetology at AK Clinics, that can fulfill your this wish of restoring your youthful days and flawless skin back.

Sometimes, going under the knife is not what everyone prefers. AK Clinics introduces you the most advanced and revolutionary technique ‘ULTRAcel’ to reverse the signs of aging. Now you can enjoy that glorious and glamorous looks that you were having in your 30s and that too without undergoing a surgical procedure. These non-invasive cosmetology techniques will help you to restore your skin quality, especially of the face.

ULTRAcel- A Skin Lifting & Skin Firming Procedure

ULTRAcel is an advanced non-surgical procedure for face lifting and tightening of sagged skin. ULTRAcel is the new technology that works on the same principle of plastic surgery i.e. targeting the same fat layer of skin which is treated during the surgery. However, in ULTRAcel skin lifting treatment, there is no surgical procedure involved and there is no to minimal downtime. You can get back to your work after your treatment. ULTRAcel is an effectual skin resurfacing and skin tightening treatment.

How ULTRAcel lifts the skin?

If you are wondering that how your skin lifts without surgery in ULTRAcel, then stop scratching your head. ULTRAcel helps to lift the skin by using deep, focused ultrasound waves along with the radiofrequency waves in synergy to give the instant skin tightened and lifted effect. In ULTRAcel, the radiofrequency waves delivers the heat which targets the collagen present in the deep epidermal layer of your skin. The Ultrasound waves targets the underlying tissues to tighten them and the thermal deep tissue helps in the stimulation of the new cells & collagen for skin tightening.
The 3 in one step technique of skin tightening & uplifting in ULTRAcel treatment uses;

  • Grid Fractional Radiofrequency (GFR)
  • High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU/FUS)
  • Fractional Radiofrequency Micro-needling (FRM), also known as INTRAcel

 1st Step:

  • Grid FR: In the Upper dermis, radio frequency and high intensity focused ultrasound waves are emitted to 3.0/4.5 mm depth with fractional shape. It helps to stimulates the collagen production and smoothens the skin surface.

RF targets the area to be treated

It penetrates into the deep dermal layer of skin

Increased collagen production

Smooth skin surface

2nd Step:

  • RF Micro-needling: RF Micro-needling is an avant-garde skin repairing technique. In RF micro-needling, small insulated micro-needles create tiny wounds by penetrating into the dermal layer of skin. When it is combined with RF, it enables the thermal energy to stimulate body’s natural healing mechanism which enhances the collagen production.

Delivers heat energy through the needles in the dermis

Collagen production is stimulated through the natural healing process

Enhanced collagen results in smooth & wrinkle free skin

3rd Step:

  • HIFU/FUS: HIFU targets the deep SMAS layer (Superficial muscular aponeurotic system) of face. In HIFU, the high intensity of ultrasound is emitted to the deep structural layers such as fascia, SMAS fat layer, dermis boundary layer of subcutaneous which causes thermal wounds, prompting the body to launch its natural healing process. Skin begin to produce more collagen, which lifts, tightens and contours the skin resulting in wrinkle free skin.

HIFU targets the deep fat layer of skin and imparts thermal energy

After 1 month, collagen production start increasing through wound healing process

After 3 month, more collagen production

Smooth, tight and uplifted skin

Areas to be treated with ULTRAcel

ULTRAcel is the only skin tightening treatment that combines the two cutting edge skin uplifting technologies such as HIFU and FR. With the power of three technologies in one, ULTRAcel can uplift your skin from;

  • Mid face skin tightening and lifting
  • Lips (fine lines & wrinkles)
  • Eye Brow lift
  • Chin
  • Elbows
  • Decollete Skin Area

  • Lower face skin tightening
  • Eyes rejuvenation
  • Eye lift
  • Neck lift
  • Thigh

This is not the end, ULTRAcel can also helps to

  • Reduces your sagging face by tightening your skin, typically jowls & neck
  • Reduces fine lines & wrinkles
  • Improves the overall skin’s texture & tone
  • Restore your youthful & smoother appearance
  • Diminishes large skin pores
  • Treats acne & acne scarring

The Clinically proven treatment for Skin Uplifting- ULTRAcel

ULTRAcel is a clinically proven and safe treatment for the skin uplifting and tightening with long lasting results. Just immediately after your treatment, you may feel change in your skin and your skin will look tight. However, the degree of the immediate tightening may vary from patient to patient. In every patient who has undergone the full treatment as suggested by the doctor, will continue to see an improvement in results for at least 3 months. You will experience more dermal thickness due to enhanced collagen production.

Before & After

What care you needed to take care of after ULTRAcel treatment?

As, the whole treatment is safe and you will not face any serious complications after your treatment. There is very minimal downtime and after care instructions of ULTRAcel treatment. However, if  you want to go out in the sun, then you must apply sunscreen of at least 30+ SPF to protect your skin from UV rays during your healing phase. If you feel any burning or stinging sensation, then you can apply Aloe Vera gel and cold compress on the treated area.

Your whole treatment summary;

No. of treatments

Most patients will be recommended 1 – 3 treatments or as per their skin condition after analyzing by doctor.

Procedure time

The whole procedure of ULTRAcel usually takes 1-2 hours.


Usually there is no need of anesthesia for the ULTRAcel treatment. But in case you are more sensitive to pain, then you can ask the doctor for it.


Mostly for 2-3 hours but in some cases 0-7 days has also been observed

Back to your work

Same day for most of the patients. The ULTRAcel treatment is usually a lunch break treatment and there is no to minimal downtime.


It takes 2-3 hours for the full recovery after your ULTRAcel skin lifting treatment.


You can continue to observe the improvement in your skin texture and tone for at least up to 3 months.

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Are you one of them who are affected by the city life? Is city lifestyle ruining your hair? We are living in an arena where westernization has taken a toll over our lives. Whether we are going to party, event, outing or any other corporate gathering, we almost use hair styling products every day. We do a lot of straightening, blow drying, hair coloring or bleaching without knowing the after results. Don’t forget the hair products including hair spray, gel or wax, that coats a layer on your tresses leaving them dry, brittle after some time. We think that we have set a healthy and easy lifestyle for us by consuming our natural resources and turning them into ultra-modern technologies but the moment we step out of our house, climatic conditions starts showing its power. The air pollutants including harmful gases from our vehicles, industries, excessive UV rays from the sun due to global warming are wreaking a havoc on our hair.

Know what are the actual causes of hair damage by environment?

With the continuous arousing human actions towards urbanization, no doubt these technologies have made our lives easier but there are always pros and cons for everything we do. This leading technology has resulted in the production of ‘ Oxidative stress – one of the major causes of hair damage. This oxidative stress produces ‘ Free Radicals’ in the body which causes hair loss and damage to your beautiful tresses. The increased production of these free radicals causes the damage to your hair and results in an imbalance in the body causing the inability of the body to counteract or eliminate the harmful effects from the body.
We are sure that everyone wants a perfect picture with a perfect smile with the perfect hairstyle. Want to know how can you keep your hair strong, healthy and want to prevent the causes of oxidative stress? You might be thinking of a magical wand that can do wonder for your hair and can make a protective shield on your locks to prevent the damage of oxidative stress than ‘ANTIOXIDANTS’ will do this for you!!!

Oxidative Stress takes toll over your scalp

Body becomes deficient of nutrients causes hair shedding

Free radicals & other hair loss factors causes hair loss

Free radicals generating substances that cause hair loss:

  • Fried Foods: Fats & oils present in food after deep frying become oxidized which in turn generates the free radicals. When we reuse the cooked fats again, they even become more oxidized and generates more free radicals. However, the saturated fats are less likely to become more oxidized than unsaturated fats.
  • Alcohol: Alcohol enhances the production of ROS in the body and alters the immune system by altering the body’s natural defense mechanism. Alcohol also stimulates the enzymatic activity of cytochrome P450s which is also a main contributor to ROS production.
  • Smoke & Tobacco: Tobacco contains the components which produces reactive oxygen species when we burn it. Smoke in gas phase contains the largest amount of free radicals which are produced due to the presence of oxidative stress in the body.
  • Pesticides & Air Pollutants: Pesticides releases the components in the air which induces the oxidative stress further leading to generation of free radicals. These free radicals when combines with other air pollutants damages your hair to the greater extent.

What happens when free radicals attack your hair?

When we step out in the polluted environment, your hair gets bombarded by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) that slash the very complex structure of each strand of your hair. And if you don’t take any protection to protect hair from free radicals attack, then this damage continues to grow and it becomes evident. your hair color starts to fade at a pace and texture of your hair becomes rough and porous. Your hair becomes more prone to damage and frizz leading to more tangled hair and hair loss.

How free radicals causes hair damage?

There are 2 types of triggers that affect the natural hair cycle. These triggers are internal & external triggers. Internal triggers include the natural aging process, DHT (dihydrotestosterone), cortisol hormone (stress hormone), poor diet and the external factors includes excessive styling of hair, UV exposure, pollution or excessive workout. These triggers form free radicals in the body and create an imbalance in the body which disrupts the body’s natural metabolic pathways and hair cycle. They disrupt the signaling molecules  which are responsible for the regulation of hair growth cycle and better hair growth.

these free radicals which causes the inflammation and disruption of the hair cycle which results in an elongated anagen phase leading to hair re-growth.

What are Antioxidants?

Antioxidant word is among those buzzwords that almost gets thrown around a lot. But most of people don’t know what antioxidants are and how they work? Antioxidants are the substances that work to neutralize the harmful effects of the oxidation caused by free radicals in the body and helps to prevent the formation of oxidative stress. Some of the best antioxidants for hair that protect our hair from falling out are;

  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • High Catalase
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase

Role of antioxidants in hair growth:

Let us answer to the question of many that ‘Are antioxidants good for hair growth?’ Yes. Antioxidants are like secret savior of your hair. There are various antioxidants benefits and after that you will not need to give a second thought of using the best antioxidants supplements, products or foods for hair growth. Antioxidant helps to improve the hair growth by maintaining the collagen in the body or the connective tissues of hair follicles’. It also protects the scalp cells in the blood vessels to promote the healthy hair growth. Antioxidant also prevents the destruction of melanin in the cortex of our hair strand, thus improving the color retention and integrity of hair making them strong & healthy.

Benefits of antioxidants for hair: The use of antioxidants for hair gives you the multiple benefits. It will increase your immune system and also fights the sign of hair fall.

  • Antioxidants fight the sun damage by protecting the cuticles
  • It helps to improve the hair growth in case of alopecia (a form of hair fall)
  • It also prevents the premature graying of your hair
  • Antioxidants boost the blood circulation and nutrient supply to the scalp cells which encourages the hair growth
  • It also helps to reduce the frizz and calm the split ends

Some of the common antioxidants for hair growth are;

  • Vitamin E (α-Tocopherol)
  • Beta Carotene
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin A
  • Phytochemicals
  • Selenium
  • Trace minerals

Foods rich in antioxidants are;

Along with the application of products containing antioxidants, you can also intake food containing vitamins for faster hair growth. Some of the vitamins are rich in antioxidants and along with the faster hair growth, your hair will become thick and strong too.


Berries contains the highest amount of antioxidants which promotes the hair growth. Berries like acai, blueberries, strawberries or raspberries helps to increase the hair growth and hair texture. Berries are the one of the best antioxidant foods for hair growth.


Pomegranates are also rich sources of antioxidants. These tiny seed-bearing fruit is a powerhouse of vitamin C, B5, potassium & polyphenols which soothes the scalp and promotes hair growth.

Red wine:

Red wine is made from the red grapes which are rich in resveratrol, a powerful antioxidant. This help to fight the free radicals causing hair fall and even prevents premature graying of hair.


Pecans are tremendous source of L-arginine, amino acids or antioxidants which allows a vibrant blood flow to the hair roots and scalp which makes scalp healthy and promotes hair growth. It is one of the top foods high in antioxidants.


Tomatoes are rich in lycopene and lycopene is the best source of antioxidants. Tomatoes are also rich in vitamin C which also helps to scavenge the free radicals and thus fight sings of hair fall and promotes hair growth.

Now, it’s time to fend off your split ends, thin hair or hair breakage. Rely on these antioxidants for hair growth and quench the thirst of your tresses. As long as these antioxidants are doing their action, you can also follow some of the tips for healthy hair which will help to get long, lustrous & healthy locks for sure.

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Every day in the morning when you stare at yourself in the mirror, it is quite obvious to miss the subtle changes in your appearances such as lessening hair around your temples or a receding hairline. Mostly these small changes may dodge you but be watching a clump of your hair on your pillow or bed will definitely give you a wakeup call and make you sit up to think. Not only in women, hair loss in men can also be disturbing. The vista of going bald can also be a nightmare to men. Before getting into the treatments of hair loss in men, let’s dive into the exact cause of hair loss in men first.

Causes of Hair Loss in Men:

Shedding of hair or hair loss in men causes a lack in their confidence level too. The thinning of hair in men usually occurs as a result of androgenetic alopecia but there are other factors too that causes hair loss in men. Do you know that why men suffer more from hair loss than women? Well, it is because of the more DHT (dihydrotestosterone) levels in men than women.

Main signs of hair loss in men:

  • Receding Hairline or Widow’s Peak
  • Continuous Thinning of Hair
  • Bald Spots: Round or Patchy
  • Sudden Hair Loss

The other factors which are responsible for hair loss in men are;

Genetic Causes

  • Male Pattern Baldness
  • Hormones
Lifestyle Factors

  • Diet
  • Stress
  • Tight Braids or Hairstyle
Skin & Scalp Conditions

  • Psoriasis
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis
  • Other Skin Problems

Male Pattern Baldness:

Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) or Androgenetic Alopecia is hereditary disorder and the most common reason for hair loss in men. At the initial stages, men often start noticing their receding hairline usually starting from hair thinning from temples or around the sides & back of the scalp. Men who are suffering from male pattern baldness have inherited hair follicles and their hair follicles are sensitive to the DHT (dihydrotestosterone) hormone which also causes hair loss.


If you have inadequate eating habits, then there is a possibility that you will face hair loss too. It has been scientifically proven that a lack of protein and iron in your diet can wreak a havoc on your strands. Hair are made up of protein, Keratin. So, lack of protein in the body can make your hair weak leading to hair loss.


It has been told by everyone that stress and trauma is bad for your health but it is bad for your hair too. Stress is also considered as one of the reason causing hair thinning in men. Stress induces Telogen effluvium hair fall in men. But hair fall from Telogen effluvium is not irreversible as from male pattern hair loss.

Hairstyles & Hair Styling Products:

Excessive use of hair styling tools and products can make your hair dry and easily fall out. A continuous use of hair dryer for blow drying hair can cause hair fall. Tight braids, man buns, cornrow types hairstyles and often treating your hair with chemicals can damage your hair follicles and scalp.


Fungal scalp infections like psoriasis can also be a cause of hair fall. Scalp Psoriasis is known as a chronic inflammatory disorder which can make your scalp red and can turn into scaly patches. It can also cause the small itchy bumps on your scalp.

Seborrhoeic Dermatitis:

Seborrhoeic dermatitis is another chronic inflammatory scalp conditions which can cause severe itching on your scalp. And frequent itching on your scalp can make your hair follicles weak and subsequently fall out.

Types of Hair Loss in Men:

Most of the people suffer from hereditary hair loss, known as ‘Androgenetic Alopecia’ but there are other types of hair loss in men too depending upon the various skin conditions. The other types of hair loss in men are;

  1. Involutional Alopecia:

    Involutional Alopecia is the plodding thinning of hair that usually comes with the age. With the passing time, hair follicles start moving into the resting phase. This results in an impaired hair growth and you start losing your hair.

  2. Alopecia Areata:

    Alopecia areata is an autoimmune scalp condition where our immune system erroneously attacks the hair follicles which makes hair weak and causes hair loss. It has been observed that genes also play a part in the progression of alopecia areata. There are other forms of alopecia areata too depending upon the skin conditions which are;

  • Alopecia totalis: Alopecia totalis causes the complete hair loss or baldness on the scalp area.
  • Alopecia universalis:Alopecia universalis is considered as the most advanced form of alopecia areata. It causes the complete hair loss on your scalp or even on the body.
  • Ophiasis: In Ophiasis hair loss, you will lose hair in a wavy pattern around the edge of the scalp and typically at the back of the scalp.
  1. Telogen Effluvium: Hair loss due to Telogen Effluvium occurs when you are dealing with severe stress. It has been observed by hair experts that telogen effluvium is the second most common cause of hair loss. You will notice more hair thinning on the top of the scalp instead of the sides & back and there will be no recession of hairline generally.
  2. Anagen Effluvium: Anagen effluvium is the sudden hair loss in the growing phase of hair cycle. This type of hair loss can be due to overexposure of hair to chemicals or radiations used in chemotherapy etc. This condition is usually reversible but in some cases, your hair loss can be permanent.
  3. Cicatricial Alopecia: Cicatricial Alopecia, also known as scarring alopecia refers to the hair disorder in which after hair loss, there is a scar formation. The hair loss from this type of hair loss is permanent.
  4. Scalp Folliculitis: Folliculitis is a skin condition which occurs due to the bacterial infection and this causes the inflammation of the hair follicles which in turns block or damage the hair follicles. The hair follicle is surrounded by the zone of inflammation which appears as a bump or acne and hair usually falls out from that area.
  5. Traction Alopecia: Traction Alopecia occurs when there is a constant pulling of hair over a long period of time. If you are wearing tight hairstyles or turban for a long time, then it can result in traction alopecia. Traction alopecia usually occurs near the temple region or along the hairline

Hair Loss Treatment in Men:

If you are noticing any changes in your hair or hairline and washing your hair less nowadays just because of hair fall, then it’s time for you to get the best hair loss treatment. If you have also tried various hair regrowth shampoos or serums and nothing have worked for you, seek medical treatment for hair loss today. We have got all the treatments for hair re-growth to help you to unburden your worries about hair loss.

The best hair loss treatment for men includes;

Low-Level Therapies:

Low-level laser therapies include laser combs and helmets. These are new hair growth treatments and they promote hair growth through its light energy that helps in the stimulation of hair follicles resulting in faster hair growth. These treatments work best when combined with other hair growth treatments.

Cyclical Therapy:

Cyclical therapy for hair growth includes various amino acids, hair growth enhancers, supplements or vitamins for faster hair growth. For a period of time, you will have to stick to this therapy for hair growth. Along with these supplements for hair growth, you can combine low-level therapies or other hair growth therapies for better hair & faster hair growth results.

Topical for Hair Growth:

The only FDA approved topical for hair growth is Minoxidil and is recommended by hair experts too. Minoxidil helps in the hair growth by dilating the blood vessels which results in an increased blood flow to the scalp cells. The hair follicles get nourished and this accelerates the hair growth. Minoxidil is commercially available as ‘Rogaine’.


Finasteride or ‘Propecia’ for hair growth is a 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor which is responsible for the conversion of hormone testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the main cause of hair fall. Finasteride binds with the DHT and further stops its transmission to hair follicles resulting in hair re-growth.

Hair Growth Therapies:

Nowadays, there are various hair growth therapies which are recommended by hair experts. These therapies work great and help to restore your hair if you are in the initial stages of your hair fall. These therapies include PRP therapy for hair growth or Mesotherapy. These therapies contain the hair growth factors along with other hair growth boosters that are injected into your scalp and will increase the hair growth along with improved hair texture.

Surgical Procedure:

If your hair loss is stable and there are bald patches on your scalp, then these above-mentioned treatments or therapies are not an option for you. Then the only and permanent option of getting back your hair is ‘Hair Transplant‘. Hair transplant is a surgical procedure in which hair are extracted from the donor area and are transplanted into the recipient area and within the span of almost 12 months, you will get your natural hair back. you can enjoy styling them like the way you want. There are two types of hair transplant procedures including FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction), FUT (Follicular Unit Transplant). At AK Clinics, the doctors use their own trademarked procedure Bio FUETM hair transplant which gives better and natural hair growth results.

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