There are certain conditions that are known to most people, however, there are certain hair related problems, which are not recognised as easily. One such condition, which affects a large population, but is still relatively unknown to numerous is central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia. In this article, we aim to dissect this condition and understand every facet of this condition.
What is central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA)?
Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia or CCCA is actually a sub category of scarring alopecia, which is concentrated mainly on the scalp. Being a scarring alopecia, the involved hairs are lost permanently.The hair loss is gradual and there are almost no symptoms as such. But certain people have been known to feel itching, burning or even tingling on their scalp. This condition is most often observed in women of African American descent; although there have been cases of people from other races suffering from the same too. Women in their middle ages are most susceptible to this condition. This condition is not contagious.
What causes Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia?
While the exact causes of CCCA are still unknown, there are a few factors that are considered to be responsible:
CCCA is not a condition that presents itself immediately – it is a condition that develops over years.
What are the features of Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia?
Here are some of the most common features of CCCA:
How is Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia diagnosed?
The method of diagnosing CCCA is actually quite simple – a doctor will look at the scalp to gauge the hair loss, he or she might pull out a few hair to take a closer look at the hair follicles. A scalp biopsy is done in suspected cases to confirm the condition. The biopsy is also important to determine the presence of associated inflammation and the severity of follicular damage.Premature degeneration of the inner root sheath if present further substantiates the condition.
How can Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia be treated?
While there is no established treatment that has proven completely effective, there are few treatments that have shown certain positive effects. The aim of these treatment procedures is to ensure that the condition does not progress any further and if possible, the effects of the condition are reduced to a great extent.
What are the precautions that need to be taken by people suffering from Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia?
In most cases, it has been proven that incorrect hair practices are the leading cause for this condition, which is why ensuring that you rectify the same becomes crucial.